Egypt's public sector employees continue to be better paid than those working in the private sector, data from state-run statistics agency CAPMAS showed on Wednesday.
The average Egyptian public sector worker is paid LE657 ($108) a week, around a third more than the LE397 ($65) earned by a private sector employee.
Over the last 18 months, Egypt has seen sporadic protests by employees of national institutions and state-owned companies, with some demanding higher wages and bonuses in line with those they believe are enjoyed by private sector workers.
CAPMAS figures, however, are based on averages and do not reflect wage differences between geographical areas, type of industry, or size of companies.
Data shows that Egypt's public sector comprised 2,846 enterprises and institutions in 2011. The formal private sector was made up of 3,666 such units.
Egypt has around 5.8 million people working in public administration and around 835,000 employees of public-owned companies.
Employees at Egypt’s brokerages and insurance companies are the country's highest paid, while those working in education take home the smallest wage packets, according to CAPMAS.
The average public sector employee works 52 hours per week -- slightly more than 8 hoursa day in a 6-day working week. This compares to 57 hours in the private sector. These figures show work hours as registered in the books, as opposed to actual time devoted to productive labour.
In August, official data showed the national unemployment rate rose to 12.6 per cent in the second quarter of 2012, up from 11.8 per cent for the same period last year.
The total number of unemployed Egyptians currently stands at 3.395 million, more than a quarter of whom have recently lost their jobs.
In May, minister of finance Momtaz El-Said said the government's 2012/13 budget would include wage increases for Egypt's public sector workers. The total wage bill would account for around a quarter -- or LE136.6 billion -- of the financial year's total state spending.
The wage bill for 2011/12 was LE117.5 billion.