Timeline: Decline and fall of Hosni Mubarak
Key events in fall of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak
AFP, Wednesday 13 Apr 2011
Key events in fall of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, who has been detained along with two of his sons by the military regime that succeeded him:
- January 25: Anti-government protests erupt in the wake of a revolt that toppled the ruler of Tunisia.
- January 28: Sixty-two people die in clashes. Mubarak, the US-backed leader who has ruled Egypt for almost three decades, imposes a dusk-to-dawn curfew.
- February 1: Over a million people join the protests in Cairo's central Tahrir Square.
- February 11: After more mass protests, Mubarak steps down and leaves the capital for his residence in Sharm el-Sheikh on the Red Sea.
- February 13: The army suspends the constitution and says it will rule the country for six months, when elections will take place.
- February 18: Huge new protests keep pressure on the army for speedy reform.
- February 21: A growing revolt in Libya, which borders Egypt to the west, creates further regional instability. Thousands of Egyptian workers leave Libya.
- March 4: The military regime announces a referendum on a new democratic constitution.
- March 11: Four top members of the Mubarak regime are jailed on charges of having ordered security forces to fire on protesters during the revolution, which left over 384 people dead and 6,000 injured.
- March 15: The army disbands the former regime's hated security police. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits.
- March 19: Voters approve the proposed new constitution, with 77.2% voting "yes".
- March 30: The military regime announces parliamentary elections for September, to be followed by a presidential ballot one or two months later.
- April 9: Major new rally in Cairo, with demonstrators contesting the military regime and calling for Mubarak to be put on trial. At least one person dies as the rally is dispersed.
- April 10: An audio tape of Mubarak is released in which the deposed leader is heard defending his reputation and complaining of a smear campaign against him.
- April 13: The authorities say Mubarak and his two sons have been detained for 15 days as part of an inquiry into the events of January and February. The former president is reported to have suffered heart problems during questioning and is said to be in "unstable condition" in hospital.