A leading pro-Muslim Brotherhood coalition has called on its supporters to protest on Friday after what they described as successful protests the day before.
Thursday marked the first anniversary of the ouster of the Brotherhood’s Mohamed Morsi from the presidency. Protests took place in a number of Egyptian cities, but were limited in number and quickly dispersed by the police.
In a statement, the National Alliance to Support Legitimacy called for a "Friday of rage", describing the Thursday protests as a “tremendous revolutionary saga.”
The statement also described the 3 July protests as a start to a new phase of “siding with the pain of the people”.
A number of small bombs went off on Thursday. At least 9 were injured as a result of blasts onboard a train in Alexandria and near the Air Force Hospital in Cairo’s Abbasiya district.
The alliance’s statement described the bombings as “foolish and fake.”
“The message of the revolutionary people has undoubtedly reached all the sides at the start of this phase. Everyone must listen to the voice of the people, obey [the people’s] free will, and stop living in more delusions,” read the statement.
The ministry of health said that 24 people were injured and two were killed including a police conscript.
The ministry of interior issued a statement saying 157 Morsi supporters were arrested in clashes with police.
Morsi was ousted by the military on 3 July last year amid mass protests against his troubled one-year rule. On 3 July, military chief Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi, surrounded by a coalition of political and religious figures, announced there would be new presidential elections and a transitional roadmap.
In autumn 2013, a committee of fifty members was appointed by interim president Adly Mansour to amend the 2012 constitution, which had been passed under Brotherhood rule.
A national referendum in January 2014 approved the amended charter.
In May, presidential elections took place; former military chief Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi ran against a single competitor, Nasserist Hamdeen Sabahi. El-Sisi scored a resounding majority in the vote.
Parliamentary elections are due to take place this summer, although exact dates have yet to be announced.
The Muslim Brotherhood and its allies have refused to recognise the legitimacy of the post-Morsi authorities.
A crackdown by the authorities against two pro-Morsi protest camps in August 2013 left hundreds of protesters dead. International rights groups say that in the year since Morsi’s ouster, at least 16,000 people have been detained as part of a crackdown on dissent.
Mass arrests of Brotherhood supporters has left most of the group's leadership in exile or in jail, while Morsi, in custody since his removal from the presidency, is on trial facing charges of inciting murder.
Meanwhile, attacks by Islamist militants against army and police targets have left more than 500 officers and soldiers dead. The Brotherhood has denied links with the militant attacks, but the Egyptian authorities have said the group is to blame, and in December declared the Brotherhood a terrorist organisation.