Ninety years ago today, Hassan Al-Banna founded the Muslim Brotherhood group, which went on to become a major player in both Egyptian and regional politics.
What follows below is not by any means a complete analysis of the role played by the group over the past nine decades, but rather a collection of articles published during interesting times by both Ahram Weekly and Ahram Online, with the aim of marking the day.
These articles attempt to explain the rise and fall of the group which, after a revolution, managed to gain people's trust to win both the legislative body and the presidency, and, in less than a year, became an enemy of the people and the state; a group held accountable for planting the seeds of radicalisation and violence, with an impact not only on Egypt but the entire region and even the world.
Hassan Al-Banna and the state
The nation state had no place in the system advanced by the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, writes Hazem Mahfouz
Nasser, myself and the Muslim Brotherhood
Marking 60th anniversary of Egypt's July Revolution, Ahram Online republished chapter of memoirs by Revolution Command Council member Khaled Mohieldin on origins of relations between Free Officers, Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brotherhood’s past and present
All radical and extremist Islamist terrorist groups find their origin in the Muslim Brotherhood, a movement that continues to support and finance terror, writes Tarek Heggy
Qotb and citizenship
In Qotbist ideology there is no citizen, only sheep bound to follow the shepherd, who in turn has the authority to use force for the greater good of the flock, as he defines it, writes Hazem Mahfouz
Freedom and Justice Party: Profile
The political party of the Muslim Brotherhood, could not have come into being without the 25 January revolution. Up to that time, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), Egypt’s most powerful Islamist organization, was not only denied the right to form parties, but also barred – at least legally – from political life
Meet the Brotherhood’s enforcer: Khairat El-Shater
Why Khairat El-Shater is the most important figure in the Muslim Brotherhood for more than five decades.
Why did Morsi fall?
Arrogance, incompetence, duplicitousness, recklessness; the list is long why the Muslim Brotherhood and Morsi fell so conclusively from grace, writes Ammar Ali Hassan
What does the Brotherhood really want?
The tug-of-war continues inside Egypt’s biggest Islamist group while vision remains absent
The post-30 June Muslim Brotherhood
Amany Maged charts the collapse of a group that was once the dominant force in Egyptian politics
Violent doctrines of the Muslim Brotherhood
The Muslim Brotherhood’s history and fundamental doctrines point in the direction of attempts to legitimate violence, writes Heba Sewilam
A look at Hasm and Lewaa Al-Thawra terror groups
This report, which was first published in February 2017, examines the roots of the two Muslim Brotherhood offshoots terrorist organizations which carried out deadly attacks against the Egyptian security forces in the last four years