Last Update 11:30
Tuesday, 15 October 2019

Morsi's first 100 days pledge to Egypt: A thirty day balance sheet

Egypt president Mohamed Morsi made promises to be fulfilled within 100 days on five main areas – security, traffic, fuel, bread and sanitation; 30 days in, and Ahram Online looks at his progress.

Nada El-Kouny , Tuesday 31 Jul 2012
Mohamed Morsi
President Mohammed Morsi stands as he is sworn in at the Supreme Constitutional Court in Cairo, Egypt, 30 June, 2012 (Photo: AP)
Share/Bookmark
Views: 4310
Share/Bookmark
Views: 4310

As Mohamed Morsi completes his first month in office as Egypt’s first president after Mubarak, he is being assessed according to a set of promises he pledged would be fulfilled within 100 days of his taking the oath.

A few days before the second round of the presidential elections in June, Morsi laid out these promises, based on the Muslim Brotherhood's "Renaissance Project." The promises are spread across five sectors that constitute the country’s most pressing issues: security, traffic, fuel, bread and sanitation.

With regard to Egypt’s longstanding bread crisis, Morsi had promised a number of measures, including an increase in the productivity and nutritional value of flour, the separation of production value from that of distribution, and higher wages.    

Following months of a butane crisis, which had reached a high of LE40 in January and March, as opposed to its set price of LE5, this is another priority for Morsi. Delivering butane cylinders to citizens in their homes in coordination with NGOs, and implementing penalties for those attempting to smuggle fuel, were specified in his list of promises.

Tackling problems, or easy measures?

"These are not the 100-day promises Egyptians were waiting to see from the first post-revolution president", stated Nadeem Mansour executive manager of the Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights.

Although these are "easy demands" which could be achieved, Mansour asserts that none of the main points from within the five themes have been achieved, or seem to be progressing anywhere.

Addressing core issues such as the minimum and maximum wage are still being sidelined and ignored, he adds. "No root changes have taken place over the past month to address the most pressing issues regarding wages, health issues and social welfare," Mansour explained, before pointing to increased labour unrest over the past month.

Numerous labour strikes and sit-ins across the country in Suez, Mahalla, and the Red Sea and in Cairo, outside the presidential palace, have been staged over the past month.  

One of the most pressing issues is that of security, and what many have described as a security vacuum since the 25 January Revolution. Some of the measures Morsi proposed included implementing a far-reaching media campaign to increase confidence in the police force, maintaining a constant presence in public space, starting an emergency hotline for citizens, and providing more humane detention facilities.

Security specialist and former brigadier general who wrote a book about possible radical police reforms, Mahmoud Kotri, believes that there have been no indicators so far in regards to any changes taking place within the security system.

He also noted that no attempts have been made to provide an "extensive security plan", to work towards those goals. Additionally, no changes have been made to the ministry of interior, not even changing the minister.

The security forces should first of all provide security, Kotri explains, and after that people should be tried for their actions, where law and order is enforced and "not the other way around."

While there have indeed been security forces on the streets following Morsi’s second day in office, Kotri says they were mainly there to carry out disciplinary measures and fining people, rather than "ensuring security and making people feel safe in the street."

In regards to traffic – a pressing issue in Cairo one of the most highly congested cities in the world – Morsi had pledged a number of measures such as installing parking spaces near the metro stations in an attempt to encourage car owners to use the metro instead. Another measure was to allow trucks on the streets from 12 in the evening until 6 in the morning only.

With regard to sanitation, the plan includes creating media campaigns and preaching in Friday sermons to encourage people not to throw garbage in the street. Work incentives and promotions for employees in the garbage industry, were also included. Moreover, working with local coordination committees in the different neighborhoods to work towards ensuring cleanliness and coordinating with different state institutions working to that effect, have also been proposed.

"No news has been received so far over any policies to be implemented on a centralised state level", explained environmental consultant, Basma Gaber. She believes that the points and measures presented by Morsi are simply a matter of attempting to tackle the symptoms of the issues, and not address the core itself.

What needs to done instead, says Gaber, is implementing the strategies developed over the past couple of years by numerous NGOs for solid waste management.

"He should have exerted an effort into looking at how to implement the strategies, as opposed to promising to increase the salaries of those working in waste collection, in an attempt to encourage them to work."

What has however been evident is a massive voluntary-based initiative carried out by the Freedom and Justice Party, "A Clean Country" which was launched over the weekend to clean up different neighborhoods.

Gaber however shrugs off the initiative since firstly, it is an initiative not a project, and thus cannot be sustainable. Secondly, it is "unrealistic" in a country that suffers one of the largest waste management problems in the world, she added.  

Assessing Morsi’s progress   

A social media initiative has also been launched to assess Morsi's progress, morsimeter.com. Morsi's progress so far stood at near nil with the one achievement so far pertaining to the implementation of a media awareness campaign for cleanliness. 

While these sets of promises are important to assess, political analyst Ayman El-Sayyad clarifies that citizens need to understand that the 100-day promises cannot be achieved at such a “crucial time” that the country is experiencing.

El-Sayyad believes that skeptics are shortsighted and do not take into account a couple of defining issues. Firstly, he states, Morsi is dealing with state institutions that are not cooperating with him. Citizens have very high and sometimes unrealistic expectations of what the president can achieve in 100 days, El-Sayyad says, adding that there are also several people simply waiting for the president to fail.

Morsi has addressed a set of issues over the past month, though some of these were not strictly part of the 100-day plan. Very soon after being sworn in, he instituted a system where citizens could air their grievances at the presidential palace, in an attempt to appear more accessible to Egyptian citizens.

He also set up a committee to study the cases of approximately 12,000 detainees undergoing military trials; 572 so far were pardoned on 23 July. El-Sayyad states however that it became evident during period that the interior ministry was not cooperating with Morsi, dragging its feet when it came to providing the needed documentation to carry this out.

Morsi’s second foreign visit – after a first to Saudi Arabia – was to Ethiopia. This marked the first time that the Egyptian head of state visited the Nile Basin partner country since an assassination attempt on Mubarak’s in 1995. The visit was seen as a positive step in attempting to rekindle relations between the two nations over emergent disputes over the Nile water.

El-Sayyad further added that we have to keep mind that during his first days in office, Morsi had to deal a number of pressing issues – not least of which was the Constitutional Addendum. Issued on 17 June, the addendum gave the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) full legislative powers at the expense of a dissolved parliament.   

"The current political scene does not give Morsi a chance to fulfill his set of promises," al-Sayyad says. "The people need to think realistically about what can be achieved in 100 days."

Short link:

 

Email
 
Name
 
Comment's
Title
 
Comment
Ahram Online welcomes readers' comments on all issues covered by the site, along with any criticisms and/or corrections. Readers are asked to limit their feedback to a maximum of 1000 characters (roughly 200 words). All comments/criticisms will, however, be subject to the following code
  • We will not publish comments which contain rude or abusive language, libelous statements, slander and personal attacks against any person/s.
  • We will not publish comments which contain racist remarks or any kind of racial or religious incitement against any group of people, in Egypt or outside it.
  • We welcome criticism of our reports and articles but we will not publish personal attacks, slander or fabrications directed against our reporters and contributing writers.
  • We reserve the right to correct, when at all possible, obvious errors in spelling and grammar. However, due to time and staffing constraints such corrections will not be made across the board or on a regular basis.
5



Muhammad Saddique Khan
06-08-2012 02:46pm
0-
0+
Morsi 100 days
I think People should give him time and give full support so that he could stood firmly for the basic rights of the entire nation.
Email
 
Name
 
Comment's Title
 
Comment
4



idris
02-08-2012 11:38am
2-
7+
shukran
i will pres for you to be successful
Email
 
Name
 
Comment's Title
 
Comment
3



idris
02-08-2012 11:36am
1-
9+
shukran
hi morsi i will prey for you to be success ful
Email
 
Name
 
Comment's Title
 
Comment
2



Hind
31-07-2012 11:50pm
1-
3+
Natural resources
I read on monday July 17 PressTV: Egyptian geologist Sayd Odeh said in Cairo; Israel has taken two natural gas wells located in Egypt's territorial wathers, he added that Israel took advantage of Egyptian's official inaction and started drilling operations in the area in April 2012. Besides taking natural gas in Gaza's area, but Gaza is stateless.
Email
 
Name
 
Comment's Title
 
Comment
1



sawsan mostafa ali
31-07-2012 04:40pm
5-
72+
Actually, nothing has been achieved
Meetings, speeches, promises, but nothing really has been achieved. All we can remember is that instead of solving the electricity problem, the President asks the citizens to cut power one hour in the morning and one hour at night. Also giving part of our electricity to Gazza Strip. The President set free some islamic criminals. It seems that all promises were election's necessity and there is no plan for Egypt.
Email
 
Name
 
Comment's Title
 
Comment
Sawsan Mostafa Ali
03-08-2012 12:12am
0-
17+
TO: MESSERS: IDRIS AND HAIDER
In fact- I personally have very low expectations.I do not expect any progress to happen even in the following 4 years.Do not forget that we have a shortage in the new balance of LE 135 000 000 000 - So I hope that every morning we can find bread enough for 83 millions. Concerning Gazza and providing electricity to it- I wish I were able to be happy for them- but how could I be happy while yesterday the power was cut 3 different times with 6 hours which caused me to go to the doctor as was suffocating from Azma?
idris
02-08-2012 11:45am
1-
28+
r
sewsan you're thinking negative from morsi i believe he can do something for Egypt he is not mobarek or sadat jamal
Haidar
02-08-2012 09:25am
5-
3+
Inshallah , All will be achieved
What you expact in 30 days? when problems created in 30 years ..dont you feel change in mind ...your president is not hypocrite...he is sincere with muslim world... dont you think providing electricity to Gaza is Actually a change of Foriegn policy...please support...Thanks
Latest

© 2010 Ahram Online.