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Tuesday, 12 November 2019

A closer look at Egypt's constitution

Ahram Online analyses some of the key elements of the 2014 constitution

Ahram Online (Republished, first published on 4 December) , Monday 20 Jan 2014
Constitutional panel
Members of the assembly writing Egypt's new constitution vote on an article at the Shura Council in Cairo December 1, 2013 (Photo: AP)
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On 3 December, the panel charged with amending Egypt's constitution passed a final draft of the charter to Egypt's interim president, Adly Mansour. The 2012 constitution, passed during Mohamed Morsi's presidency, was suspended after Morsi's ouster. Many non-Islamist actors had criticised the drafting process of the 2012 constitution for being exclusionary, although the final text passed a referendum in December 2012.

The amended charter will be put to national referendum within a matter of weeks, although the exact date has yet to be announced. In the following articles, Ahram Online explores the new text in greater detail, looking at where the charter differs from the previous document.

Inside Egypt's draft constitution: Progress on key freedoms

Inside Egypt's draft constitution: Role of sharia redefined

Inside Egypt's draft constitution: Checks and balances mediate presidential power

Inside Egypt's draft constitution: Questions over social justice

Inside Egypt's draft constitution: Debates over military powers continue

Egypt's constitution 2013 vs. 2012: A comparison

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Tomas Solfaro
16-02-2014 11:06am
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Egypt's Military Dictators Have Destroyed Democracy in Egypt
Egypt's military dictators, led by General Al-Sisi, have destroyed democracy in Egypt. First, they took power by a military coup, which is recognized by such by ll but the most naive political observers. Second, they pass a undemocratic and coerced constitution after intimidating opposition, massive violating human rights, and using violence to get their way. Third, they have attack the poorest Egyptians, the overwhelming majority of Egyptians to help the overwhelming elite minority achieve greater privileges by imposing greater hardships on the majority of Egyptians who live in poverty. The elites and the military in Egypt have come together to cause more harm to human rights and the rule of law in the world than any other modern force. Even Nazi Germany or the oppressive Israeli regime that has been occupying Palestine for the better part of a century can not match the harm Al-Sisi have done. Too bad Egypt's illustrious history has taken such a turn....but history always changes.
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6



A. Shehab
14-02-2014 05:23pm
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Democracy vs. Islam
Mr. you’re full-of-it and in complete denial or ignorance of our history, and may be both. 1- The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882 2- Executive Order “9066,” of February 19, 1942, authorizing The mass removal of persons of Japanese ancestry and the rounding up of the"Japanese Americans" like cattle and forced to move into camps where children born in captivity in the North West of USA. 3- “the Negros of America,” which are known today as “African Americans’ didn’t gain their rights not-in-the late 60’s, but early 90’s at the hand of Bill Clinton. 4- The Irishmen and their families were enslaved mining for $1 per day……. So please, my little one don’t talk about “Democracy vs. Islam,” showing off your ignorance Differentiate between Islam AND Islamist-Pretenders.OK?
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democart
13-01-2014 12:29am
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Democracy vs. Islam
An islamic society can never be a democratic society! Democracy, by definition, treads all human beings equal. There can be no discrimination of any minority nor any discrimination based on race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or social class. Democracy is an INCLUSIVE state philosophy wheres Islam is EXCLUSIVE! In a society that bases its rules on Islam, non-islamic minorities will be suppressed, homosexuals will be treated as criminals and women do not have exactely the same rights as men. Therefore it is impossible that a society that is based on political islam can be a democracy at the same time. That is the reason why parties that are solely based on islamic believes and values can never be part of a democratic system. If you want a democracy, you can not have parties based on religious believes - if you want political islam you can not have a democracy. It´s as simple as that...
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Ali Baba
06-04-2014 03:16pm
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Please mind your Language
If you want Democracy NOT a democracy - Beliefs NOT believes
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Farhan
16-12-2013 09:20pm
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These people are hyprocrites and fascists in nature
They have article 2 which says that Egypt's laws are based on Sharia and than they ban the political parties based on religion. Still Al-Nour which is more conservative is not banned , Why this selective ban ? They just wanted to sideline the brotherhood and keep the old crooks in power.
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Masry
14-01-2014 06:05am
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Alhamdulah
Alhamdulah Islam is in our hearts. Like you said the more Conservative party Nour is welcomed by Egyptians. That's because this is not about Islam. This is about a power hungry terrorist group. Yes the ikhwan and the sheep that follow them want to make it about religion . Sorry it's not. Alhamdulah Egyptians won't fall for that trick again. Yes to the constitution yes to freedom no to fascist terrorist groups cowardly hiding behind religion.
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Karl
14-12-2013 05:26pm
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No more confusion
Islam is not a political party. Islam is a religion and is the state religion. It is very difficult for some to understand this.
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Nihad Qa\alaji
17-12-2013 02:46pm
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There is a clear discrimination against Islam in this constitution
No one said Islam is a political party. But Islam is a political ideology. So, why there are Christian political parties, Jewish political parties, Jewish political parties....but no Islamic political parties. This is unfair.
Noura
17-12-2013 02:41pm
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Fascist anti-Islam party
Karl: Muslims have the right to view their religion as a political ideology. There are Hubdu political parties. There Jewish political parties. There Christian political parties. Why is it wrong to have Islamic political parties. This constitution is fascist...fascist...fascist.
Ahmed Izzat
16-12-2013 05:41pm
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Islam is the Muslim's political ideology
Karl. You apparwently are not Muslim. It is non of your business to tell Muslims how to view their religion.But I want to tell you Islam is a comprehensive way of life.
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John
14-12-2013 07:26am
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Reject
Full of nonsence .
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S
14-12-2013 06:38pm
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REALLY!
So you decided to be a man of few words in order not to compose a full sentence that would clearly show how bad ur English is?? everybody knows you by now dear John, be proud of what ur are, and plz keep on entertaining us with ur theories and 'well-written' comments! "Egypt unable democracy" u once said.. plz, we need more of these stuff!!
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Ahmed Izzat
13-12-2013 01:37pm
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This constitutionis is criminal....criminal....criminal
In article 74, it allows the formation of political parties based on atheistic ideologies such as Communism, but prohibits political parties based on Islam which is ironically referred to as state religion in Article two? Can any one think of a more scandalous contradiction? This is why this constitution must be trashed. Indeed, if Islam is so evil why consider it state religion? If it is so good why outlaw political parties based on it???
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Karl
17-12-2013 10:42am
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weak arguments by secularist fanatics
Why Western democracies allow Christian democratic parties to function? Is Egypt more democratic thanGermany? Democracia...your argument is so weak......so weak.
Adel Midhat, Cairo, Professor
17-12-2013 10:39am
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We will trash it
For me and for 85 million Egyptian Muslims, Islam is a olitical system as well. Who are you little men to tell me I don't have the right to form a political party based on Islam. Get lost. We will trash this constitution.
Bazaza
17-12-2013 10:38am
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Communism is not atheistic
Did you know that Communism have nothing to do with
Democracia
14-12-2013 09:21pm
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Difficult
Because politics is politics and religion is religion and politics and religion are two different things, but maybe this is too difficult for you...
Allen
14-12-2013 06:19pm
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Terrorism is atheism
And belonging to a terrorist organization is the ephitomy of atheism.
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