Who's Who in Egypt's New Cabinet

Ahram Online , Saturday 19 Sep 2015

Egypt’s new cabinet, headed by former Petroleum Minister Sherif Ismail, was sworn in before president Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi on Saturday. Ahram Online compiles biographies of the Prime Minister, and his 33-minister cabinet.

Sisi and the new cabinet
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (C) poses for a photo with his ministers at the presidential palace in Cairo, Egypt, in this September 19, 2015 (Photo: Courtesy of the Egyptian Presidency)

Prime Minister - Sherif Ismail

Sherif Ismail, a career engineering technocrat with no history of membership in political parties, was sworn in as Egypt's new prime minister before President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi on Saturday morning.

Ismail, who avoids media spotlight and rarely speaks in public on his political views, replaces Ibrahim Mahlab as prime minister.

The new PM brought 16 new faces into the cabinet, retained 17 Mahlab picks, and merged or abolished some ministries bringing the total of portfolios to 33 down from Mahlab's 34.

Ismail, who was born in 1955, graduated from the Faculty of Engineering at Ain Shams University in 1978.

He worked briefly for the multinational oil company Mobil, before joining the Egyptian state-owned company Engineering for the Petroleum and Process Industries (Enppi) in 1979.

Ismail served as minister of petroleum under Ibrahim Mahlab since 2014.

1 - Minister of Defence - Sedki Sobhi

Sedki Sobhi became Egypt's defence minister in March 2014, replacing El-Sisi, who resigned from the same post to run for the presidency.

He was promoted to a lieutenant-general rank by interim president Adly Mansour in 2014, a rank traditionally reserved for defence ministers.

Sobhi graduated from Egypt's Military Academy in 1976.

He moved up the ranks and held a number of senior posts, finishing as commander of Egypt’s Third Army, which is responsible for Suez and South Sinai, before becoming Minister of Defence.

As defence minister, he now heads the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

2 - Minister of Interior - Magdi Abdel-Ghaffar

Magdi Abdel-Ghaffar was appointed by former prime minister Ibrahim Mahlab in March to replace Mohamed Ibrahim.

Abdel-Ghaffar was the first person to head the National Security Apparatus, which was established after the dissolution of the State Security Apparatus in the aftermath of the 2011 revolution.

He left the job after reaching the legal age of retirement in July 2011.

Abdel-Ghaffar has previously said that the regime of long-term autocrat Hosni Mubarak committed "violations" against Egyptians. He has also said that the National Security Apparatus, is one of the 2011 revolution’s gains, and that it will always work for the service of the people.

Abdel-Ghaffar was born in 1952 in the governorate of Menoufiya.

After earning his degree from the Police Academy in 1974, Abdel-Ghaffar joined the State Security Apparatus.

One of the main challenges which are facing his ministry is Egypt’s ongoing battle with Islamist militants in North Sinai and other parts of the country.

The ministry has also faced internal dissent recently, with lower-ranking policemen holding protests in some governorates in August, demanding various changes to pay and conditions. The government has promised to meet their demands.

3 -  Minister of Education and Technical Education - El-Hilali El-Sherbini

El-Hilali El-Sherbini served as dean of the Faculty of Specialised Education at Mansoura University for six years.

He served as a cultural advisor to the Libyan government for four years.

Upon his return, he was appointed in 2014 first deputy at the Ministry of Higher Education for the sector of cultural affairs.

El-Hilali succeeds Mahmoud Abou El-Nasr who was formerly head of the ministry's technical education sector and a faculty member at Cairo University's Department of Mechanical Engineering.

The Ministry of Education has now been merged with the ministry of technical education in Sherif ismail’s new cabinet.

El-Hilali faces infrastructure and financial resources challenges.

4 - Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research - Ashraf El-Sheihy

Ashraf El-Sheihy is replacing Sayed Abdel-Khalek as minister of higher education.

Born in Cairo, El-Sheihy graduated from Cairo University’s engineering faculty. He then joined Zagazig University in the Nile Delta’s Sharqiya governorate as teaching assistant.

He earned a masters degree then a doctorate, becoming professor of construction engineering at Zagazig University’s engineering faculty.

In early September, Abdel-Khaleq, who was appointed in Ibrahim Mahlab’s cabinet in June 2014, and his ministry were criticised after reports emerged that the ministry had decided to allow the children of judges, police and army officers to be exempt from university admissions zoning restrictions. These restrictions limit high school graduates applying for public universities to schools in their immediate geographical districts.

In August 2013, El-Sheihy was appointed acting president of Zagazig University and vice president for graduate studies and research. He became president of the university last year after no candidate ran against him in university elections, before leaving his post after reaching the age of retirement in August 2015.

5 - Minister of Planning - Ashraf El-Araby

Ashraf El-Araby was first appointed planning minister in the Hisham Kandil government in August 2012, during the tenure of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Following the ouster of Morsi on the back of popular protests against his rule, he was reappointed for the same post in the Hazem El-Beblawi government in July 2013.

As part of Mahlab’s government, El-Araby took part in preparing a mid-term economic development plan for the country which was unveiled at the Economic Development Conference in Sharm El-Sheikh in March.

Under El-Araby, the ministry prepared a plan to reform Egypt’s public administration. The ministry also drafted new controversial civil service law. The law was passed by President El-Sisi in March 2015.

The new minister will lead negotiations with public employees on the yet-to-be-determined bylaws of the legislation -- which has been unpopular with many civil servants. He will also oversee the implementation of the government’s economic vision and plans for administrative reform.

6 - Minister of Agriculture - Essam Fayed

Essam Fayed, 63, Egypt’s new agriculture minister is a microbiology professor at Ain Shams University.

He assumes the post on the heels of a corruption scandal that has landed his predecessor in jail pending investigation.

Former minister Salah El-Din Helal, who had headed the agriculture ministry since July 2013, was arrested two weeks ago and faces charges of corruption.

Helal has been detained pending investigations.

The agriculture ministry has faced a number of corruption investigations in relation to the sale of state land at below market prices.

The new minister will have to deal with the ongoing investigation and its fallout, as well as attempt to implement President El-Sisi’s “one million feddans” land reclamation project.

7 - Minister of Religious Endowments - Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa

Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa was first appointed minister of religious endowments in 2014 by then-interim president Adly Mansour.

Gomaa was dean of the Faculty of Islamic Studies at Al-Azhar University and a member Al-Azhar's Senior Clerical Institute.

He was born in 1939 in the governorate of Qalioubiya. He earned a degree in Arabic Studies in 1965 before earning a master's degree and a doctorate.

Gomaa worked at several newspapers as an Arabic proof-reader and has been a member of the Journalists Syndicate since 1972.

He is also the author of several books on religion.

8 - Minister of Justice - Ahmed El-Zend

Ahmed El-Zend, 69, was appointed justice minister in May of this year, replacing former justice minister Mahfouz Saber who was forced to resign over televised comments about garbage collectors that were widely seen as classist.

El-Zend has been the head of the powerful Judges Club since 2009.

El-Zend is known for his controversial statements. In January 2014, during a phone interview with the private television channel El-Faraeen, he bragged that judges "are masters of this land [Egypt], and everyone else are slaves."

He is known to be a fierce opponent of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. As head of the Judges Club he was a key player in leading the judiciary in its confrontation with Morsi and Islamist parties in 2013 over proposed changes to the judicial powers law.

In January of this year, he accused the Muslim Brotherhood of planting a bomb outside his house in the city of Tanta.

9 - Minister of Health and Population - Ahmed Emad El-Din Rady

Ahmed Emad El-Din Rady is replacing Adel El-Adawy as health minister.

The new cabinet merges the ministry of health and the ministry of population, which was headed by Hala Youssef.

Adel El-Adawy was appointed to his post in March 2014 by former Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab, under then Interim President Adly Mansour.

The health ministry has been the focus of controversy in recent months, including a recent online campaign in which Egyptians shared photos of rubbish and stray animals roaming Egypt’s public hospitals.

In June 2015, the Doctors’ Syndicate called on El-Adawy to resign due to the deteriorating state of health services in Egypt.

The new minister, 60, is a former dean at Ain Shams School of Medicine. He is also a former head of university hospitals at Ain Shams and is one of the most prominent orthopaedic specialists in Egypt.

Along with the general poor state of health services in Egypt, the new minister will have to address the longstanding demands of the Doctors’ Syndicate, which has been calling for radical changes to the country's health sector, including a larger health budget, an end to hospital privatisation, and a comprehensive health insurance programme for all Egyptians.

10 - Minister of Foreign Affairs - Sameh Shoukry

Sameh Shoukry was appointed foreign minister by Mahlab in June 2014.

He received his bachelor's degree in law from Ain Shams University in 1975, and served as secretary for information to former president Hosni Mubarak from 1995 to 1999.

He was Egypt’s ambassador to Austria from 1999 to 2003, Egypt’s permanent representative to the United Nations in Geneva from 2005 to 2008, and Egypt's ambassador to the United States from 2008 to 2012.

Shoukry faces a number of immediate challenges including the fallout from the recent mistaken killing of a group of Mexican tourists in the Western Desert by Egyptian security forces, who said they were pursuing militants.

In the longer-term, Shoukry will need to maintain balanced relationships with different players in a turbulent Middle East, while also gathering support for President El-Sisi's fight against terrorism.

He will also have to find solutions to move stalling talks with Addis Ababa surrounding Ethiopia's Renaissance Dam.

11 - Minister of Manpower - Gamal Sorour

Gamal Sorour was formerly first deputy for migration and foreign labour at the Ministry of Manpower prior to being appointed minister in Ibrahim Mahlab's first government in March 2014.

He headed the department of labour relations and collective bargaining at the ministry under outgoing Minister of Manpower Nahed El-Ashry.

New laws regulating the work of foreigners in Egypt were introduced recently by the ministry.

The ministry is set to pass a controversial new labour law that covers issues such as workers' right to organise and collectively bargain.

12 - Minister of Supply and Internal Trade - Khaled Hanafy

Khaled Hanafy, formerly head of the Internal Trade Development Authority (ITDA) under the ministry of Supply, was appointed minister in February 2014 by Ibrahim Mahlab.

Hanafy has reformed the food subsidy system to eliminate smuggling of subsidised wheat, and made a wider variety of subsidised commodities available to the public.

The minister is set to tackle the scarcity and smuggling of subsidised butane cylinders, as well as establish logistics hubs to boost internal trade.

13 -  Minister of Electricity - Mohamed Shaker

Mohamed Shaker, previously chairman of the Shaker Group for Consultancy and Engineering, was appointed in March 2014 by Ibrahim Mahlab.

Shaker took charge of a worn-out electricity grid, which has also suffered from periodic fuel shortages.

An increase in fuel supply from the Gulf after the ouster of Morsi has allowed the ministry to reduce the frequency of power cuts.

The ministry has privatised the transmission of electricity, announced new feed-in tariffs for renewable energy production as part of a wider plan to diversify sources of electricity, and began a five-year-plan to liberalise electricity prices.

The ministry is set to continue its power diversification programme, and plans to further liberalise of electricity prices as well as enhance the national power grid.

14 - Minister of Finance - Hany Kadry Dimian

Dimian was appointed as finance minister in Mahlab’s cabinet during Adly Mansour’s tenure as interim president.

Since February 2014, Dimian has undertaken politically sensitive measures such as raising fuel prices, seeking to reduce Egypt’s deficit.

In 2012, when he was first deputy finance minister, Dimian led negotiations with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) around potential economic programmes.

In the coming period, the ministry is set to raise money in the international bonds markets to support Egypt’s foreign currency reserves, and continue with the fiscal consolidation programme which involves imposing a value-added tax and raising fuel prices further.

15 - Minister of Investment - Ashraf Salman

Formerly co-founder of an investment bank (Cairo Financial Holding), Ashraf Salman was appointed investment minister in June 2014.

Salman was a key figure in Egypt’s Economic Development Conference (EEDC) in Sharm El-Sheikh last March, when the country was able to garner $33 billion worth of investment deals.

The minister wrote a new investment law that was approved by President El-Sisi in March ahead of the Sharm conference. The law aims to facilitate the establishment of new businesses by cutting red tape. The law also aims to create a one-stop shop for investors.

The ministry will continue to face the challenges of attracting investment, specifically for the new Suez Canal economic zone, at a time of global economic uncertainty.

16 - Minister of Social Solidarity - Ghada Waly

Ghada Waly was secretary-general of the Social Development Fund prior to her appointment as minister in March 2014.

During the year and a half in office, she has implemented the first phase of Egypt’s conditional cash transfers programme called “Solidarity and Dignity” (Takaful wi Karama).

Waly also cracked down on tens of NGOs as part of the government’s plan to regulate their activities.

The ministry is yet to expand the Karama wi Takaful programme, and will continue to oversee NGOs.

17 - Minister of Civil Aviation - Hossam Kamal

Hossam Kamal was appointed as chairman of the national aviation company EgyptAir in August 2013. That same year he was chosen as a representative for Arab airlines in the International Aviation Union.

During Kamal's career in the aviation industry he was involved in developing cooperative projects for fuel and equipment purchases, as well as schemes to exchange used parts to cut costs among Arab airlines.

During his tenure as minister, Kamal inaugurated two military airports to increase the country's passenger capacity and improve outreach to remote areas.

The new minister is expected to open new airports that would facilitate civilian flights to serve the under-planning new administrative capital, and other areas on the outskirts of Cairo.

18 - Minister of Tourism - Hisham Zazou

Hisham Zazou is reappointed minister of tourism, following outgoing minister Khaled Ramy.

Zazou held the same position under Ibrahim Mahlab's government in 2014 and Hisham Kandil's government in 2012.

He was assistant to former Minister of Tourism Mounir Fakhry Abdel-Nour in 2011 - 2012.

Zaazou resigned in June 2013 when a member of the militant Islamist group Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiya was appointed governor of Luxor.

After the governor resigned, Zazou withdrew his resignation and continued as minister

The new minister will be in charge of reviving Egypt’s ailing tourism sector, which suffered a number of blows since 2011’s political and social upheaval.

19 - Minister of Industry, foreign trade and SMEs - Tarek Kabil

Tarek Kabil has served as director of Jordan Aircraft Maintenance Limited. Kabil is a partner of the Abraaj Group.

He is also partner and head of Abraaj Performance Acceleration Group MENA.

Before joining Abraaj Group, Kabil held senior management positions at PepsiCo and Procter & Gamble.

Kabil holds a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Alexandria University.

Kabil is replacing Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour who had sought to develop Egypt’s automotive industry, boost exports and raise temporary tariffs to protect local industry.

The new minister will have to offer solutions to the challenges facing Egyptian industry and exports amid growing global economic uncertainty.

Plunging commodity prices are threatening domestic producers while Egypt’s export markets see their currencies fall and general price levels almost stagnant, making Egyptian products less competitive.

Egyptian industry has also been operating at low capacity due to fuel shortages.

20 - Minister of Culture - Helmy El-Namnam

Newly appointed Minister of Culture Helmy El-Namnam is an author, journalist and was head of Egypt's National Library & Archives under Gaber Asfour in 2014.

Holding a degree in philosophy from Cairo University, El-Namnam was deputy editor of Al-Mosawar Magazine and deputy head of the General Egyptian Book Organisation (GEBO) before becoming editor-in-chief of Dar El-Hilal, one of the oldest state-owned publication houses in Egypt.

He is the author of many books, including Sayed Qutb and the July Revolution, The Unknown Hassan El-Banna, and Taha Hussein and Zionism.

El-Namnam is the 10th minister of culture since the January 25 Revolution. He will head a ministry that has been undergoing major changes after 20 years of the leadership of Mubarak-era minister Farouk Hosni.

Ministers of culture since February 2011 were: Gaber Asfour, Mohamed El-Sawy, Emad Abu Ghazi, Shaker Abdel Hamid, Mohamed Saber Arab, Alaa Abdel-Aziz, Mohamed Saber Arab (second time), Gaber Asfour (second time) and Abdel Wahed El-Nabawy.

The last minister, El-Nabawy, has been the head of Egypt's National Library & Archives since September 2010.

El-Nabawy was professor of contemporary history at the University of Qatar between 2008 and 2010.

During the rule of now-ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, El-Nabawy was fired as professor of history at Al-Azhar University, but returned after Morsi’s departure.

Intellectuals critiqued the minister’s policy and “mismanagement of the cultural scene and lack of cultural vision,” with a number of artists calling for the sacking of El-Nabawy.

He was also highly criticised for a series of sackings of some of the ministry's long-standing top officials.

El-Nabawy took on the challenge of reviving Egypt’s culture palaces to spread artistic activities in deprived areas, using culture as a weapon against “ignorance and terrorism.”

21 - Minister of Communication and Information Technology - Yasser El-Kady

Yasser El-Kady served as CEO of the Information Technology Industry Development Agency (ITIDA) before taking a position as senior director of networking in the Middle East, Mediterranean & Africa at Hewlett-Packard Egypt, Ltd.

El-Kady will succeed Khaled Negm who stayed in office under six months after replacing Atef Helmy.

Negm lowered the costs of the Internet to allow more people to jump online.

The implementation of a unified license for mobile operators, the development of telecom infrastructure, building broadband internet across the nation, and attracting investment in technology parks are the main issues the new minister will face.

22- Minister of Petroleum - Tarek El-Molla

Tarek El-Molla, 53, has served as chairman of the state-owned Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) since 2013.

El-Molla graduated from Cairo University’s Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.

He was vice chairman for foreign trade at EGPC in 2010, under the tenure of former Minister of Petroleum Sameh Fahmy.

El-Molla was one of the key officials in charge of ending Egypt’s electricity shortages this summer, and is a strong proponent of the fuel subsidy reform.

23 - Minister of Transportation - Saad El-Geyoushi

Saad Mohamed El-Geyoushi is former head of the Egyptian General Authority for Roads and Bridges.

He succeeds Hany Dahy as minister of transportation.

El-Geyoushi was removed from his former position in March by Dahy because of disagreements over the national roads project.

Saad is a graduate of the Military Technical College and also holds a doctorate in engineering.

The new minister faces a number of challenges including the renovation of Egypt’s deteriorating railways and bridges, as well as maintenance of the Cairo Metro line.

24 - Minister of Housing - Mostafa Madbouly

Madbouly is retaining his position in the outgoing cabinet.

51 year old Madbouly became minister of housing in 2014 succeeding Ibrahim Mahlab after his appointment as prime minister.

The ministry of housing has been merged with the ministry of urban development in the new cabinet.

The abolished ministry of Urban Development was headed by Laila Iskander.

Madbouly is an architect and urban designer by trade.

Madbouly holds a PhD in urban planning from Cairo University and a postgraduate diploma in urban management from the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies in Rotterdam.

He is an architect and urban designer who served as the director of the UN's HABITAT Regional Office for Arab States from 2012 until 2014.

Madbouly holds a PhD in urban planning from Cairo University and a postgraduate diploma in urban management from the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies in Rotterdam.

He also served as chairman of the General Organisation of Urban Planning from 2009 till 2011.

The ministry has partnered with Arabtec to build affordable housing units, and is also taking part in constructing the new capital city.

25 - Minister of Youth and Sports - Khaled Abdel-Aziz

Khaled Abdel-Aziz, in his post since June 2014 under Ibrahim Mahlab, was previously head of the Shooting Club, the prestigious private sporting club in Giza, before becoming chairman of the National Council of Youth.

Abdel-Aziz was director of the 2006 African Cup of Nations, which Egypt hosted and won.

Developing youth centres and ensuring spectators can return to football stadiums following violent clashes that took place in recent years across stadiums are among the challenges the minister will face.

26 - Minister of Local and Administrative development - Ahmed Zaki Badr

Ahmed Zaki Badr was minister of education from January 2010 until the January 2011 uprising that removed autocrat Hosni Mubarak.

Badr was also a member of the Mubarak’s National Democratic Party (NDP), which was disbanded in the wake of the 2011 uprising.

During his time as education minister, Badr began transferring employees to other governorates, saying they were not doing their jobs properly. A number of employees protested, prompting Badr to rescind his decisions.

In late 2011, Badr was appointed as president of Akhbar Al-Youm Academy, a private media college belonging to the state-owned Al-Akhbar newspaper, prompting some students to protest the choice of “an icon of the Mubarak regime,” to run their college.

Badr is the son of the late Interior Minister Zaki Badr, who served in his post from 1986 to 1990 and was criticised for human rights restrictions.

Badr is replacing Adel Labib, who served as minister of local and administrative development since July 2013.

27 - Minister of Environment - Khaled Fahmy

Khaled Fahmy served as Egypt's environment minister from January to July 2013, during Mohamed Morsi’s presidency.

He quit as part of the mass cabinet resignations just before Morsi's ouster.

Fahmy received his PhD in economics in 1984 from the Bruni Leuschner University of Economic Sciences.

He was deputy chief of party at Chemonics International from 2005 to 2008.

28 - Minister of International Cooperation - Sahar Nasr

Sahar Abdel-Moniem Nasr is the third woman to be appointed minister of international cooperation, in the footsteps of Naglaa Al-Ahwany and Fayza Aboul-Naga.

Nasr is a member of the presidential advisory economic council.

Nasr worked as a leading financial economist in the Middle East and North Africa World Bank Finance and Private Sector Development Department.

She was also a regional leader for the World Bank on issues of financial sector development, as well as programme manager for MENA of the Micro, Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Technical Assistance Facility.

She previously worked in several technical and managerial bank positions in restructuring, mortgage finance, and affordable low-income housing, as well as on issues of corporate governance and transparency.

Sahar received her Bachelor’s in economics with highest honors from the American University in Cairo (AUC) in 1985.

She acquired her masters in economics in 1990 from AUC, and a PhD in economics from Cairo University in 2002.

29 - Minister of Legal and parliamentary affairs - Magdy El-Agaty

Magdy Al-Agaty is replacing Ibrahim El-Heneidy as minister of legal and parliamentary affairs.

The ministry of transitional justice which had been headed by El-Heneidy, was abolished in the new cabinet formation. 

New minister El-Agaty was vice president of Egypt’s State Council, a prestigious judicial body. He was also head of the Legislation Department in the same council.

El-Agaty has over 25 years’ experience in the State Council and was head of fatwa (legal rulings) management in interior and justice ministries before becoming a judge in Egypt’s Higher Administrative Court.

On the bench, El-Agaty is known for his November 2011 ruling that overturned a decision banning members of the party of toppled autocratic Hosni Mubarak from running in parliamentary elections.

"Depriving (anyone) of taking up their political rights is an attack on rights that are protected and guaranteed in the constitution,” El-Agaty said in the ruling.

El-Heneidy was first appointed minister in Ibrahim Mahlab’s cabinet is June 2014. He was formerly head of Egypt's Illicit Gains Authority, which investigated corruption charges on a host of prominent figures of the Hosni Mubarak regime.

In May 2015, Mahlab delegated El-Heneidy to take charge of the Ministry of Justice after the resignation of Mahfouz Saber following “classist” comments.

The Egyptian cabinet approved in August 2015 a controversial amendment to the criminal procedures law which stipulates that defendants tried in absentia would be considered present if a lawyer represents them.

El-Heneidy said the cabinet approved the amendment because there are a large number of fugitives who have been sentenced in absentia.

30 - Minister of Antiquities - Mamdouh El-Damaty

A former head of the Department of Antiquities at Ain Shams University since 2006, and a member of Ibrahim Mahlab’s cabinet, Mamdouh El-Damaty received his Bachelor’s and Master’s in ancient Egyptian antiquities from Cairo University, and a PhD in ancient Egyptian antiquities from Trier University, Germany.

He was deputy secretary at the Egyptian Museum from 1981 to 1987, and secretary of the Museum of the Faculty of Antiquities, Cairo University from 1988 to 1996.

He has also sat on the board of directors of several cultural, scientific and archaeological institutions in Egypt.

El-Damaty received the Order of Knight from Italy's president in 2004.

El-Damaty was appointed minister of antiquities in June 2014 by former Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab.

The minister will have to work on finding funds to finish the Grand Egyptian Museum amid a decline in tourist revenue. He is also responsible for protecting and restoring antiquities damaged by terror attacks, such as those that hit the Museum of Islamic Arts and the Shubra Palace.

31 - Minister of Irrigation and Water Resources- Hossam El-Din Moghazi

Hossam El-Din Moghazi was first appointed irrigation minister in Ibrahim Mahlab’s cabinet in June 2014.

Moghazi wrote his Master's thesis on groundwater hydrology in Wadi El-Natroun, and a PhD dissertation at London University on the optimal design of wells to exploit groundwater in arid regions.

He has been a professor of irrigation engineering at Alexandria University since 2000 and department head since 2010.

He has also worked as a consultant to the irrigation ministry on several projects.

Among the challenges he faces as minister is the yet unresolved issue of Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam and stalled tripartite negotiations.

32 - Ministry of Military production – Mohamed El-Assar

Brigadier-General Mohamed Saeed El-Assar is a member of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), the body that ruled Egypt following the January 2011 uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak until June 2012, when Mohamed Morsi took office as president.

El-Assar served as assistant to the defence minister for military armaments since 2003.

In July 2011, El-Assar headed a delegation to the United States tasked with discussing strategic relations.

As he has been appointed minister of military production, El-Assar handed-in his resignation to the ministry of defence, and wore civilian attire during the swearing-in ceremony.

Minister of Defence Sedky Sobhi was in charge of the Ministry of Military Production since December 2013, when the ministries were merged following the death of then-Minister of Military Production Reda Hafez.

33 - Minister of Immigration and Egyptian Expatriates Affairs - Nabila Makram

The Ministry of Immigration and Egyptian Expatriates Affairs is a new ministry introduced in Sherif Ismail's cabinet.

Makram is an Egyptian diplomat who served as Egypt's consulate general in Rome.

She also served as deputy consulate general in Dubai.

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