Minister of supply and commerce - Ali Moselhi
Ali El-Sayed Moselhi, who is from the city of Abu Kabir in Sharqiya governorate, graduated from the Military Technical College in 1971. In 1980, he received a PhD in microchip design from France's Ecole Polytechnique.
He headed the computer section at Egypt's Military Technical College until 1991 when he moved to an IT company in the private sector.
In 1999, he was appointed head adviser for the minister of telecommunications and IT. In 2002, he was appointed as Egypt Post's CEO. In December 2005, the former member of Mubarak’s National Democratic Party was appointed social solidarity minister.
In the same year, he was elected MP for his hometown, Abu Kabir. He was relected in 2010.
Moselhi left the ministry of social solidarity in January 2011 following the start of the uprising against Mubarak and his regime. In late 2011, Moselhi ran for parliamentary elections in his town, but he failed in the runoffs.
After the ouster of Islamist president Morsi in July 2013, Moselhi returned to the political scene as one of the co-founders of the Egyptian Patriotic Movement Party along with former presidential candidate and prime minister Ahmed Shafiq.
He ran for parliamentary elections in 2015 in an independent seat in his hometown and won in the runoffs. In January 2016, the former Mubarak minister became head of the parliamentary economic committee, as he was its oldest member.
Moselhi will now head the ministry of supply and internal trade, a new ministry resulting from the merger of the supply ministry with the internal trade portfolio, taken from the former trade and industry ministry.
Minister of local development - Hisham El-Sherif
Hisham El-Sherif has roots in Sohag, Upper Egypt.
The IT expert gradiated from Egypt's Military Technical College with a bachelor’s degree in electronic engineering in 1971.
He received a master’s degree from the University in Alexandria then a PhD in decision support systems from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1983.
He founded the Egyptian Cabinet’s Information and Decision Support Center (IDSC) thinktank in 1990 and headed it until 1999.
El-Sherif also founded a number of companies and ventures in the IT field including Nile Online (NOL) in 1999. He also founded the Regional IT institute RITI in 1999, and has still heads the institution.
El-Sherif is replacing Ahmed Zaki Badr as minister.
Minister of education - Tarek Galal Shawki
Tarek Galal Shawki, born in June 1957, received a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Cairo University in 1979 and then a master’s in engineering in 1983 from Brown University in the US. He was subsequently awarded a PhD and went on to work as a researcher and professor in mechanical engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
He went on to hold the title director of UNESCO's Regional Bureau for Science in Arab States from 2008 to 2012. In 2012, he became the dean of the School of Sciences and Engineering at the American University in Cairo.
He is replacing El-Hilali El-Sherbini, who faced calls for his resignation from MPs last summer when school exams were leaked on social media.
A recent decision to introduce a new examination booklet system has also been controversial, and several protests against the new system have been organised by students.
Minister of Agriculture: Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Dawoud Mohamed El-Banna
Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Dawoud Mohamed El-Banna, the now-former head of the Agricultural Research Centre, was appointed minister of agriculture in Tuesday's reshuffle.
El-Banna, born in 1960, received a degree in agriculture from Cairo University, where he also received his Masters and PhD.
He was also the vice president of the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA).
El-Banna is replacing agriculture minister Essam Fayed, who assumed the post in the last cabinet reshuffle in 2016 on the heels of a corruption scandal involving his predecessor.
As head of the agriculture ministry, El-Banna will be expected to oversee a national project aimed at expanding Egyptian farmland by 1.5 million feddans.
Minister of transportation – Hesham Arafat
Hesham Arafat was appointed minister of transport in place of Galal El-Saeed.
Arafat received his bachelor's and master's degree from Cairo’s Ain Shams University in 1986 and 1991 respectively and later earned his PhD in 1997 from the same university.
He is a member of the Faculty of Engineering in Mansoura University where he has held different academic and administrative posts, from teaching assistant in 1997, professor in 2008 to vice dean for education and students Affairs in 2015.
He was also an advisor to the ministry in the affairs of highways and tunnels in 2010, and during his tenure he supervised implementation of the Cairo-Alexandria highway and a number of bridges.
Minister of investment and international cooperation – Sahar Nasr
The two ministries of international cooperation and investment were merged together under Sahar Nasr, who has been the current minister of international cooperation since September 2015. Dalia Khorshid was the previous investment minister.
Sahar received her bachelor’s in economics from the American University in Cairo (AUC) in 1985, followed by a master’s in economics from the same institution and a PhD in economics from Cairo University in 2002.
Nasr, who is a member of the presidential advisory economic council, previously worked in several technical and managerial bank positions in restructuring, mortgage finance, and affordable low-income housing, as well as on issues of corporate governance and transparency.
She also worked as an adjunct professor of economics at AUC, and as an economist at the World Bank, working on issues of financial sector development and on assistance for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.
Minister of planning - Hala Helmi El-Said
El-Said was born in Cairo on 19 May 1957 and went on to obtain a bachelor’s, master’s and PhD in economics from Cairo University.
She subsequently went on to teach at Cairo University, becoming dean of economics and political science in 2011. She has also been the university president’s assistance for scientific research and exterior relations since 2013.
She also headed the economics department at King Abdul Aziz University in Saudi Arabia between 1990 and 1992.
El-Said was also advisor to the Governor of Central Bank of Egypt and Executive Director of the Egyptian Banking Institute (EBI).
Minister of higher education - Khaled Atef Abdel-Ghaffar
Khaled Atef Abdel-Ghaffar obtained his PhD from Ain Shams University in 1995 and subsequently headed the oral medicine, periodontics and diagnosis department at the university.
He has been the dean of the faculty of dentistry at Ain Shams University since 2014.
He is also the university’s vice president for graduate studies and scientific research.
Minister of parliamentary affairs - Omar Marwan
Marwan graduated from Faculty of Law at Ain Shams University in 1979, and joined the prosecution service in 1989.
He was assistant minister of justice for notarisation and registration authority affairs from 2011 to 2014.
Marwan was the official spokesperson and general secretary for the Supreme Elections Committee in 2015, which supervised the most recent parliamentary elections.
His latest post in the justice ministry was as assistant minister for the forensic authority and expert affairs.