The rise and fall of the Muslim Brotherhood

Ahram Online , Thursday 22 Mar 2018

Muslim Brotherhood headquarter (AP)
Muslim Brotherhood headquarter (AP)

‎Ninety years ago today, Hassan Al-Banna founded the Muslim Brotherhood group, which went on to become a major player in both Egyptian and regional politics.‎

What follows below is not by any means a complete analysis of the role played by the group over the past nine ‎decades, but rather a collection of articles published during interesting times by both ‎Ahram Weekly and Ahram Online, with the aim of marking the day. 

These articles attempt to explain the ‎rise and fall of the group which, after a revolution, managed to gain people's trust to win ‎both the legislative body and the presidency, and, in less than a year, became an enemy ‎of the people and the state; a group held accountable for planting the seeds of ‎radicalisation and violence, with an impact not only on Egypt but the entire region and even the world.‎

Hassan Al-Banna and the state
The nation state had no place in the system advanced by the founder of the Muslim ‎Brotherhood, writes Hazem Mahfouz

Nasser, myself and the Muslim Brotherhood
Marking 60th anniversary of Egypt's July Revolution, Ahram Online republished ‎chapter of memoirs by Revolution Command Council member Khaled Mohieldin on ‎origins of relations between Free Officers, Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood’s past and present
All radical and extremist Islamist terrorist groups find their origin in the Muslim ‎Brotherhood, a movement that continues to support and finance terror, writes Tarek ‎Heggy

Qotb and citizenship
In Qotbist ideology there is no citizen, only sheep bound to follow the shepherd, who ‎in turn has the authority to use force for the greater good of the flock, as he defines it, ‎writes Hazem Mahfouz

Freedom and Justice Party: Profile‎

The political party of the Muslim Brotherhood, could not have come into being ‎without the 25 January revolution. Up to that time, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), ‎Egypt’s most powerful Islamist organization, was not only denied the right to form ‎parties, but also barred – at least legally – from political life

Meet the Brotherhood’s enforcer: Khairat El-Shater

Why Khairat El-Shater is the most important figure in the Muslim Brotherhood for ‎more than five decades.

Why did Morsi fall?‎
Arrogance, incompetence, duplicitousness, recklessness; the list is long why the ‎Muslim Brotherhood and Morsi fell so conclusively from grace, writes Ammar Ali ‎Hassan

What does the Brotherhood really want?‎

The tug-of-war continues inside Egypt’s biggest Islamist group while vision remains ‎absent

The post-30 June Muslim Brotherhood
Amany Maged charts the collapse of a group that was once the dominant force in ‎Egyptian politics

Violent doctrines of the Muslim Brotherhood

The Muslim Brotherhood’s history and fundamental doctrines point in the direction of ‎attempts to legitimate violence, writes Heba Sewilam

A look at Hasm and Lewaa Al-Thawra terror groups

This report, which was first published in February 2017, examines the roots of the two ‎Muslim Brotherhood offshoots terrorist organizations which carried out deadly ‎attacks against the Egyptian security forces in the last four years

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