Last Update 20:45
Sunday, 17 November 2019

Timeline: Egypt's turbulent period up to referendum

Key events in Egypt between the 2011 fall of Hosni Mubarak's regime and Saturday's referendum on a new constitution pushed by President Mohamed Morsi and his Islamist allies:

AFP , Saturday 15 Dec 2012
Views: 1600
Views: 1600


- 11: Mubarak steps down after 18 days of protests in which 850 people were killed, handing power to the army.


- 19: Voters approve a new interim constitution.


- 13: Mubarak is detained and held in a hospital.


- 7: 15 people die and 200 are injured as Muslims and Christians clash in Cairo.


- 9: 25 people, mainly Coptic Christians, are killed in clashes with security forces in Cairo.


- 19: Start of a week of clashes between police and demonstrators opposed to the military regime that leaves 42 dead.

- 28-29: Egypt holds its first post-revolution parliamentary election in Cairo and the port city of Alexandria. Islamist parties come out ahead.


- 1: Riots kill 74 people after a football match in Port Said.


- 23-24: First round of presidential election.

- 31: A three decades-old state of emergency comes to an end.


- 2: Mubarak is sentenced to life in prison for the deaths of protesters. An appeal is subsequently lodged.

- 14: Egypt's top court rules the whole Islamist-dominated parliament illegitimate, leading to its dissolution.

- 16-17: Second round of the presidential election.

- 24: Morsi declared president with 51.7 percent of the vote.


- 8: Morsi issues a decree annulling the supreme court's dissolution of parliament.

- 9: The court in response says its rulings are "binding."


- 12: Morsi scraps a constitutional document which handed sweeping powers to the military.


- 21: US President Barack Obama calls Morsi to thank him for his role in negotiating an Israeli-Hamas truce in Gaza.

- 22: Morsi decrees sweeping new powers for himself and dismisses prosecutor general Abdel Meguid Mahmud.

- 23: Protests erupt against what the opposition terms Morsi's "power grab".

- 30: Islamist-dominated constituent assembly adopts the draft constitution after a process boycotted by liberals and Christians.


- 2: Egypt's top court goes on strike after Islamist protesters block the courthouse.

- 5: Violent clashes break out in front of the presidential palace between pro- and anti-Morsi protesters, killing eight people and wounding more than 640.

- 8: Morsi annuls the decree giving himself sweeping powers.

- 10: Morsi gives the army police powers to arrest civilians and protect state institutions, up to the results of the referendum.

- 11: International Monetary Fund announces a $4.8 billion loan to Egypt is delayed at Cairo's request because of the unrest.

- 12: Morsi orders referendum to be split on December 15 and 22 because of a lack of judges to oversee it -- a legal requirement. The opposition urges a "no" vote.

- 15: First stage of referendum takes place.

Short link:


Ahram Online welcomes readers' comments on all issues covered by the site, along with any criticisms and/or corrections. Readers are asked to limit their feedback to a maximum of 1000 characters (roughly 200 words). All comments/criticisms will, however, be subject to the following code
  • We will not publish comments which contain rude or abusive language, libelous statements, slander and personal attacks against any person/s.
  • We will not publish comments which contain racist remarks or any kind of racial or religious incitement against any group of people, in Egypt or outside it.
  • We welcome criticism of our reports and articles but we will not publish personal attacks, slander or fabrications directed against our reporters and contributing writers.
  • We reserve the right to correct, when at all possible, obvious errors in spelling and grammar. However, due to time and staffing constraints such corrections will not be made across the board or on a regular basis.

© 2010 Ahram Online.