Gallup, the leading public opinion research organisation, has shared insights from recent surveys conducted in Egypt, the last of which ran two weeks prior to the 30 June demonstrations that led to the ouster of former president Mohamed Morsi.
The results of the survey are notable in illustrating the background against which demonstrations started, pointing to areas of failure of the Muslim Brotherhood regime and explaining some of the unrest that preceded the masses taking to the streets 30 June.
Only 29 percent of Egyptians claimed they have confidence in the government, according to Gallup's June 2013 poll results, which is the lowest-ever polling since tracking started soon after January 2011. It was first time the indicator fell below 50 percent. Some 66 percent indicated that they didn't have confidence in the government.
The decline in confidence wasn't only related to the government, but also the Freedom and Justice Party — the political wing of the Muslim Brotherhood — that dropped in support from 67 percent around the time of parliamentary elections to a mere 19 percent in June 2013. Some 73 per cent said they did not support the party — the largest opposition to the party since its establishment in spring 2011.
These results are consistent with earlier findings reported by Baseera, another polling company, throughout the year-long Morsi leadership.
The loss of faith also hit trust in the honesty of elections, which dropped back to Mubarak-era figures, with 60 percent in June 2013 responding that they did not have confidence in the honesty of elections, compared to 61 percent in 2009, according to Gallup results.
Trust in elections soared after Mubarak was ousted, reaching a peak of 89 percent around parliamentary elections in 2012. However, this trust started to drop consistantly until it reached a mere 34 percent in June 2013.
The Gallup survey was conducted face-to-face 12-19 June 2013 with 1,149 Egyptians aged 15+, with a 3.3 percent margin of error on the national sample.