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Newly-released CIA profile of Sadat praises 'realist' president

According to the report, the former president considered Egyptians to be superior to other Arabs

Ahram Online , Friday 15 Nov 2013
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, stand at attention as the national anthems of their respective countries are played on the north lawn of the White House in Washington,Monday, Feb. 24, 1979 (Photo: AP)
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Views: 2887

The American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) this week released more than 250 previously classified documents concerning the US-mediated negotiations between Egypt and Israel that led to a peace treaty between the two countries in 1979.

The 1,400 pages tackle the diplomatic efforts of former US President Jimmy Carter's administration to finalise the peace deal, from the period of January 1977 to March 1979.

"The declassified documents detail diplomatic developments from the Arab peace offensive and President Sadat’s trip to Jerusalem through the region-wide aftermath of Camp David," the CIA said on its website.

Among the papers is a short file analysing former Egyptian president Anwar Sadat's personal characteristics and leadership style.

The report states that Sadat initially had "neither the strength nor the political astuteness to be successful" when he reached the presidency in 1970 following the death of his predecessor Gamal Abdel-Nasser, describing him as a "former revolutionary and ardent nationalist who rose from peasant origins." The document states that Sadat had pride in his peasant background.

The profile also contains praise for Sadat's moderation as a leader and pragmatic politician.

He is known for "his realism, political acumen and capacity for surprising, courageous and dramatic decisions," reads the document.

Sadat was perceived as a "deeply religious man" and his wife, Jihan, as an "elegant, graceful woman."

"He speaks good English, but does not always pick up nuances or follow complex reasoning", the profile stated.

According to the document, Sadat "believes that Egyptians are superior to other Arabs." 

On politics

The leader sought to give an impression of himself as a leader who had improved the socio-economic conditions of his people.  

But the report also says that Sadat was less competent at, and less interested in, economic affairs than other domestic issues or foreign policy.

The document posits Sadat as a leader who enjoys full control over the decision-making process, continuing to seek a peace settlement with Israel with remarkable self-confidence and optimism, despite the possibility of failure.

"Senior foreign affairs advisers are not always certain what the president has in mind, and they must refer major decisions to Sadat personally," the report stated.

CIA Documents

Short link:


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15-11-2013 11:32pm
Never forget !!!!!
That all the assassins were members of the Muslim brotherhood.
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15-11-2013 06:12pm
No way!!
Egyptians superior to other Arabs! What a joke!! Very funny :))) May God bless all the Arab countries.
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15-11-2013 04:25pm
Where is the real declassified document?
It's funny how a legal criminal organization such as the CIA downplays one of the greatest president's of modern history and sum up President Anwar El Sadat in a so called "declassified document". Where is Edward Snowden when you need him? I'm still waiting to see the real declassified document where the CIA plotted to kill Sadat and then instill Mobarak to slowly corrupt the nation and finally divide it using the MB and Morsi. I guess that didn't go so well for the US admin did it? Morsi is in jail as a result of the June 30 Revolution and the US retaliated by partially cutting USAid. I wished they cut all of it so Egypt can be free.
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Maria Allen
15-11-2013 11:55pm
Never mind the evidence, where is reason?
Just like every other sovereign nation on Earth, including Egypt, the United States acts in its' own interest. Nations cooperate with one another because it is in their mutual interest. I cannot imagine why you think the US would want the replacement of a leader who favored peace with Israel, alliance with the US and Europe, and who promoted moderation and more liberal economic policies in his own country with Hisni Mubarak, who was not widely believed to be able to hold onto power for any length of time. Anbd what has the Muslim Brotherhood done for the US that the SCAF or Ahmad Shafik wouldn't do? If the US manipulated the Egyptian government or Egyptian elections, they would have chosen someone with whom they already had a dependable relationship. It's obvious that the hate the US, and that is your right, but you may have allowed your dislike and anger to cloud your thinking. Finally, is Egypt so weak that any other country can control Egypt's destiny. I don't think so. I think maj

Ashraf Sadek
15-11-2013 12:50pm
Sadat, the hero of war and peace
May God rest your soul, president Sadat, in peace for eternity. An Egyptian admirer of Sadat and what he has done for Egypt, the Mother of the World.
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