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Libya's warring parties agree on roadmap for unity government

AFP , Friday 16 Jan 2015
Geneva
Bernardino Leon, 10th left, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya and Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), poses with Libyan delegates during an opportunity photo, prior a new round of political dialogue that seeks to end Libya's deepening political and security crisis, at the European headquarters of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Wednesday, Jan. 14, 2015 (Photo: AP)
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Libya's warring factions have agreed on a roadmap to form a unity government after two days of UN-brokered talks in Geneva, touted as the last chance to avert total anarchy in the country.

The North African nation has been wracked by conflict since the overthrow of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in a 2011 uprising, with rival governments and powerful militias battling for control of key cities and the country's vast oil riches.

UN special envoy to Syria, Bernardino Leon, had warned at the start of the talks that they were a last-ditch effort to prevent all-out chaos.

"The participants agreed after extensive deliberation on an agenda that includes reaching a political agreement to form a consensual national unity government and the necessary security arrangements to end the fighting," a UN statement said.

It said the talks "were constructive and conducted in a positive atmosphere, and reflected the participants' sincere commitment to reach common ground".

The participants called on all the players to cease hostilities to create a conducive environment for the dialogue and "expressed their unequivocal commitment to a united and democratic Libya governed by the rule of law and respect for human rights".

They agreed to work towards the release of abducted people, providing and allowing humanitarian aid to reach affected regions, opening airports and securing land and maritime navigation.

The delegates will return to Geneva for a fresh round of talks next week after consultations.

Libya's internationally recognised government decamped last summer to the eastern city of Tobruk after an Islamist-backed militia alliance seized the capital Tripoli and set up its own administration.

The alliance known as Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) also holds the third city, Misrata. It launched a bloody offensive in December to seize control of key oil terminals but was repelled by the army.

The broad agreement cobbled together in Geneva also saw the factions pledge to work towards ensuring the free movement of people across the divided nation.

They also vowed to respect the legitimacy of state institutions, work towards the peaceful transfer of power and reject violence.

The agreement came after months of UN efforts to get the opposing sides back to the negotiating table after a single round of talks in September.

A major concern in Libya is the proliferation of Islamist militias in key areas such as the second city of Benghazi.

Those militias are led by the Ansar al-Sharia group, blacklisted by the United Nations for its links to Al-Qaeda.

The Islamic State group that has seized large areas in Iraq and Syria is also thought to have gained a foothold in eastern Libya.

Leon had also underscored the threat of Libya becoming a hotbed of Islamist insurgency, saying it menaced North Africa, the Middle East, the Sahel and Europe, which lies on Libya's doorstep.

Jihadists are reported to have set up camps in Libya, including in the remote southern desert, to train militants to fight in Mali, Iraq or Syria.

The head of Libya's recognised government has pleaded for more international help in combating militias by lifting an arms embargo imposed by the UN Security Council at the start of the anti-Gaddafi uprising in 2011.

"In Libya, the government and armed forces are battling these groups alone, without any support from the international community," Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani told AFP in an interview just before the Geneva talks.

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