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Tuesday, 02 June 2020

Sudan, South Sudan close to deal: Ethiopia

Ethiopian foreign ministry unveils possibilities of reaching a political settlement between the two neighbouring Sudanese states; no confirmation received from either delegations

AFP , Wednesday 26 Sep 2012
Sudan
(L-R) Pagan Amum, south Sudan chief negotiator, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir, former president of Nigeria Abdulsalam Abubakar, Chief African Union mediator Thabo Mbeki, former Burundi president Pierre Buyoya and President of Sudan Omar Hassan al-Bashir meet during talks in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa September 24, 2012. (Photo: Reuters)
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Sudan and South Sudan leaders are edging close to signing a deal on festering disputes, on the fourth day of a presidential summit, Ethiopian officials said Wednesday.

"The final result of the negotiation between the two Sudans is expected to be made public by a press conference," Ethiopia's foreign ministry said in a statement.

However, diplomats suggested a partial agreement was close to being reached, and not a comprehensive deal as had been hoped.

While the press conference is scheduled for 1030GMT, there was no confirmation from either delegation a deal would be signed then.

President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan and his Southern counterpart Salva Kiir began talks Sunday -- in what was originally billed as a one-day meeting -- with sticking points reported to be contested border regions and security issues.

Efforts had been made to strike a comprehensive deal tackling multiple issues including oil, security, a demilitarised border buffer zone and contested regions, but it is understood any deal signed Wednesday would be partial.

"There has been progress, not on all areas, but if a deal can be reached, it is a good step forward," a Western diplomat said Wednesday.

Amid international pressure to reach a deal -- after missing a UN Security Council deadline to settle by Saturday -- teams from each side have spent days locked in efforts to narrow positions, as mediators shuttled between them.

The leaders met late Tuesday for almost three hours for another round of direct talks alongside the African Union's chief mediator, former South African president Thabo Mbeki.

The protracted talks under AU mediation began in the Ethiopian capital several months before South Sudan split in July 2011 from what was Africa's biggest nation, following an independence vote after decades of war.

Key issues include the ownership of contested border regions -- especially the flashpoint Abyei region -- and the setting up of a demilitarised border zone after bloody clashes.

A comprehensive deal -- as opposed to another stepping-stone agreement -- would have to include a settlement on Abyei, a Lebanon-sized border area currently controlled by Ethiopian peacekeepers.

The buffer zone would also potentially cut support for rebel forces in Sudan's Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile regions that Khartoum accuses Juba of backing, just as the South accuses Sudan of arming rebels in its territory.

The UN set a deadline for a deal after brutal border clashes broke out in March, when Southern troops briefly wrested the valuable Heglig oil field from Khartoum's control, and Sudan launched bombing raids in response.

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