Thousands of Palestinians massed Thursday to mourn a senior official who was killed in a confrontation with Israeli troops, while the Israeli army sent reinforcements and dispersed protesters in the West Bank.
The Palestinian leadership blamed Israel for the killing of 55-year-old Ziad Abu Ein, as tensions threatened to boil over into another round of violence in the occupied territories.
Officials and onlookers streamed into the Ramallah headquarters of president Mahmud Abbas for the funeral procession to a nearby cemetery, an AFP correspondent said.
Uniformed Palestinians carried Abu Ein's coffin, draped in a Palestinian flag, into the courtyard, as nationalist songs blared and mourners chanted "Your blood will not be spilled in vain!"
The coffin was lowered carefully into the ground at a cemetery in Al-Bireh, on the outskirts of Ramallah.
Schools were closed in a day of mourning and posters of Abu Ein were plastered on walls throughout the West Bank city.
A short distance away, additional Israeli troops and border guards were deployed in anticipation of tensions with mourners and protesters, an army spokeswoman said, especially given the cemetery's proximity to the Jewish settlement of Psagot.
Police said minor clashes took place in several places in Psagot, as well as the West Bank villages of Nabi Saleh and Qalandia, and the city of Hebron.
The protesters were dispersed with "riot dispersal means" but there were no injuries or arrests, police said.
Abu Ein died Wednesday after a confrontation with Israeli soldiers during a protest march against settlements by some 300 Palestinians who intended to plant olive trees as a symbolic act, an AFP photographer said.
Troops fired tear gas, three soldiers grabbed Abu Ein and he was struck in the chest during the confrontation. Videos circulating online showed the soldiers pushing Abu Ein firmly in the chest and neck.
He collapsed and was treated by an Israeli army doctor, but died later in hospital.
"After hearing the results of the post-mortem, the Palestinian government holds Israel fully responsible for the killing of Ziad Abu Ein," government spokesman Ihab Bseiso told reporters in Ramallah on Thursday.
A Palestinian minister said the post-mortem, which was carried out by a Palestinian, an Israeli and Jordanian doctors, had shown that Abu Ein was killed by the actions of Israeli troops.
"The reason for the death of Abu Ein was his being hit by (Israeli) occupation troops and because of the heavy use of tear gas," Palestinian civil affairs minister Hussein al-Sheikh told AFP.
Sheikh said Israeli forces had prevented Abu Ein from getting to a hospital quickly enough to save his life.
Israel's health ministry said the death was caused by a "blockage of the coronary artery" which "could have been caused by stress", adding that Abu Ein suffered from poor health including heart disease.
The incident prompted Abbas to threaten measures in response, saying "all options are open for discussion and implementation", but without specifying what those were.
Islamist movement Hamas, rivals of Abbas's West Bank administration and de facto rulers of the Gaza Strip, had urged the Palestinian Authority (PA) to cease security coordination with Israel.
Israel urged calm, with Defence Minister Moshe Yaalon expressing regret for the death and saying a military inquiry had been launched.
"Security stability is important for both sides," he said.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sent a message through one of his aides to Abbas in which he "pointed to the need to calm the situation and act responsibly," his office said.
President Reuven Rivlin called Abu Ein's death "painful" and said Israel was committed to a "careful examination into the events."
The death of Abu Ein, who was a former PA deputy minister and was responsible for dealing with the settlement issue, follows months of tensions between Israelis and Palestinians and a wave of unrest in the West Bank and Arab east Jerusalem.
Palestinian fears of allowing Jewish prayers inside Al-Aqsa mosque, regarded as the third holiest site for Muslims, by Israel caused such tensions. The tensions have been heightened by Israeli announcements of new settlement construction in east Jerusalem and the West Bank.
Peace talks collapsed in April after nine months of Israeli-Palestinian meetings that US Secretary of State John Kerry worked hard to revive.
In the absence of talks, the Palestinians are pushing a UN Security Council resolution, which they hope will pass by the end of the year, giving Israel two years to withdraw from occupied territory.
If the United States vetoes it as expected, the Palestinian leadership says it will then move to sue Israel through the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes.
Kerry is to travel to Rome on Sunday to meet Netanyahu and discuss the situation in the region.
*This story was edited by Ahram Online.