Israel on Friday rejected Palestinian calls for a protection force to be deployed in the occupied east Jerusalem to quell violence around the flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque.
"Let me be crystal clear -- Israel will not agree to any international presence on the Temple Mount. Such a presence would be a change in the status quo," Israeli Deputy Ambassador David Roet told the UN Security Council.
The 15-member council met in an emergency session to discuss weeks of escalating violence between Israel and the Palestinians in Jerusalem and the territories.
On Friday, Palestinians torched a Jewish holy site in the West Bank as they staged a "Friday of revolution" against Israel and a man posing as a news photographer stabbed an Israeli soldier before he was shot dead.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon strongly condemned the "reprehensible" attack at Joseph's Tomb in the city of Nablus and called for those responsible to be brought to justice.
Two weeks of violence have left 39 Palestinians dead and hundreds more wounded in clashes with Israeli forces. Seven Israelis have been killed and dozens wounded.
The surge in violence has raised fears that a third Palestinian intifada, or uprising, might erupt.
The crisis started in late July when an 18-month old toddler Ali Saad Dawabsha was burned to death and three other Palestinians were severely injured after their house in the occupied West Bank was set on fire by Israeli settlers.
The settlers smashed the windows of two homes in the village of Duma near Nablus and threw Molotov cocktails inside the buildings. Dawabsha died after sustaining serious burns as a result of the attack.
The parents of the toddler, Riham and Saad, and their other son Ahmad lost their lives after suffering serious injuries as a result of the attack.
Palestinian envoy Riyad Mansour urged the council to "urgently intervene to end this aggression against our defenseless Palestinian people" and called for "international protection".
Mansour said Israeli security forces must withdraw from "contact points" with the Palestinians, in particular in east Jerusalem.
There have been repeated clashes at east Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound, the third-holiest site in Islam.
Muslims fear Israel will seek to change rules governing the site, which allow Jews to visit but not pray so as to avoid provoking tensions. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has said repeatedly he is committed to the status quo.
No draft resolution was presented to council members on Friday but French Ambassador Francois Delattre said he will circulate a draft statement appealing for calm.
In a bid to dispel fears, the council statement would also call for maintaining the status quo at the Al-Aqsa compound.
The council is to hold a ministerial-level debate on the Israeli-Palestinian crisis on Thursday to try to press for a de-escalation.
US Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to the region "at the appropriate moment" to try to help restore calm, said US ambassador Samantha Power.
*This story was edited by Ahram Online.