Turkish security forces on Friday pressed on with a relentless operation to root out Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) rebels from two urban centres in the troubled southeast that has left at least 55 militants dead and angered Kurdish representatives.
With the crackdown now in a fourth day, a Turkish soldier was killed in intense clashes with the PKK, the first fatality suffered by the army in the operation, the security sources told AFP.
The operation in the towns of Cizre and Silopi in Sirnak province began on Tuesday, backed by blanket curfews and air power, with 25 militants killed in first two days.
But the latest figure more than doubled the number of casualties, implying a heavy toll during Thursday's fighting inside the towns.
The vast operation reportedly involves some 10,000 troops led by six generals and is one of the biggest ever launched by Turkey in urban centres inside its territory.
The state-run Anatolia news agency said 49 militants had been killed in Cizre and six in Silopi. The dead soldier was killed in Cizre.
The government says the operation is needed to eliminate militants who were effectively taking over the towns by building barricades and digging trenches.
But Kurdish activists and politicians have accused the army of acting with impunity and pounding large parts of the towns to rubble.
Images from the area show troops clashing with militants in the otherwise deserted streets. Cizre has a population of some 100,000, and Silopi more than 80,000.
"Are you trying to be heroic by sending six generals and 10,000 soldiers against a few PKK (members) in Cizre?" the leader of the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party Selahattin Demirtas asked the government.
"By conducting an operation with such an amount of forces, bombing cities, sending soldiers on the people you only show, in fact, how helpless you are," he told reporters in the southeast's biggest city Diyarbakir.
Demirtas lambasted the official Turkish rhetoric used to describe the crackdown as a "cleansing operation".
"You are cleaning whom from where? You can only clean the sewage of this country, and that's it," he said.
"We are right and we will win... What the government is doing has no legal basis," he added.
The operations mark a new escalation in five months of fighting with the PKK since a two-and-a-half year truce collapsed in July.
The curfews in Cizre and Silopi are the latest in a succession of such measures across the southeast that have angered activists.
There have also been growing tensions over a curfew in the Sur district of southeastern Diyarbakir province -- also mainly Kurdish -- that has been in place almost uninterrupted since December 2.
A group of HDP and other Kurdish activists who sought to march on the blockaded Sur district clashed with police who dispersed them with tear gas and water cannon, an AFP correspondent reported.
The PKK launched a formal insurgency against the Turkish state in 1984, initially fighting for Kurdish independence although it now presses more for greater autonomy and rights for the country's largest ethnic minority. The conflict has left tens of thousands dead.
In a new report Thursday, the International Crisis Group (ICG) urged both sides to "urgently" resume peace talks, saying Turkey's return to a military-based approach would only intensify the conflict.
The conflict had also complicated the fight against the Islamic State (IS) group in Syria, with Turkey refusing to collaborate with the Kurdish fighters who have been battling the jihadists on the ground, the ICG said.