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Thousands of Palestinians protest on Balfour Declaration centenary

AFP , Thursday 2 Nov 2017
Palestinian protesters
Palestinian protesters chant anti-British slogans and carry a poster with a defaced photo of UK. Prime Minister Theresa May, and Arthur Balfour, on the 100th anniversary of the Balfour Declaration, in Ramallah, Thursday, Nov. 2, 2017 (Photo: AP)
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Thousands of Palestinians took to the streets of various cities in the occupied territories on Thursday to protest on the 100th anniversary of Britain's Balfour Declaration, which helped lead to Israel's creation and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas used the occasion to denounce the declaration, writing in a newspaper opinion piece that "the creation of a homeland for one people resulted in the dispossession and continuing persecution of another".

Several Palestinian leaders have called on Britain to apologise for the 67-word declaration that said it viewed "with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people".

Around 4,000 people gathered in the occupied West Bank city of Nablus, where effigies supposed to represent British Prime Minister Theresa May and former British leader Arthur Balfour were set ablaze.

A few thousand more gathered in Gaza and hundreds in Ramallah. Smaller rallies were held in the southern West Bank city of Hebron, where protesters burned a British flag.

Several dozen Palestinians also protested outside the British consulate in Jerusalem.

In Nablus, marchers chanted "Oh the English colonisers, we want an apology from you."

In Ramallah signs called Balfour "the promise of he who doesn't own to those who don't deserve" -- a common expression in Arabic for the Balfour Declaration.

Some protesters held black flags calling for Palestinian refugees to be allowed the right to return, as they marched from Ramallah's Arafat Square to a nearby British cultural office.

"Balfour promised to establish the Israeli entity and its result is everything the Palestinian people still suffer from today, such as displacement, destruction and pain," said Abu Haitham Amro, 70, who was carrying a Palestinian flag.

The United Nations Refugees and Work Agency says some 5 million Palestine refugees receive UNRWA services today.

Another four million Palestinians live in the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem.

Nearly one-third of the registered Palestine refugees, more than 1.5 million individuals, live in 58 recognized Palestine refugee camps in Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.

In Gaza, more than 3,000 people took part in a march from a square in Gaza City to the local United Nations headquarters.

The Balfour Declaration is celebrated among Israelis, who see it as a major step toward the founding of their state in 1948 at a time when Jews were facing persecution elsewhere.

But the war surrounding Israel's creation also led to some 750,000 Palestinians either fleeing or being expelled from their homes -- what they call the "Nakba", or catastrophe.

Senior Palestinian official Mahmoud Al-Alul told AFP in Ramallah the British government should apologise.

"It is unprecedented for criminals to celebrate their crime. That the British prime minister insists on celebrating this means they persist in the oppression of the Palestinian people."

In 1967, Israel occupied the West Bank, including east Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip in the Six-Day War. It has since annexed east Jerusalem and the occupation of the West Bank continues.

Abbas wrote in Britain's Guardian newspaper: "We have endorsed the two-state solution for the past 30 years, a solution that becomes increasingly impossible with every passing day.

"As long as the state of Israel continues to be celebrated and rewarded, rather than held accountable to universal standards for its continued violations of international law, it will have no incentive to end the occupation," he added, referring in particular to illegal Israeli settlement building.

*This report was edited by Ahram Online

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