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Thursday, 22 February 2018

Greece’s dangerous alliance with Israel

Economic weakness can often lead to political bondage. Greece relative to Israel is a good example

Ramzy Baroud , Friday 9 Feb 2018
Alexis Tsipras, Reuven Rivlin
Greek Prime minister Alexis Tsipras (R), shakes hands with Israel's President Reuven Rivlin, prior to their meeting in Athens, Monday, Jan. 29, 2018 (Photo: AP)
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For a brief historical moment, Alexis Tsipras and his political party, Syriza, ignited hope that Greece could resurrect a long-dormant leftist tide in Europe.

A new Greece was being born out of the pain of economic austerity, imposed by the European Union and its overpowering economic institutions — a troika so ruthless it cared little while the Greek economy collapsed and millions of people experienced the bitterness of poverty, unemployment and despair.

The Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) came to power in January 2015 as a direct outcome of popular discontent with the EU. It was a time when ordinary people took a stance to fend for whatever semblance of sovereignty not wrestled away from them by politicians, bankers and powerful bureaucratic institutions.

The result, however, was quite disappointing. Tsipras, now prime minister, transformed his political discourse and gradually adopted one that that is more consistent with the very neoliberal policies that pushed his country to its knees in the first place.

Syriza sold out, not only politically and ideologically, but in an actual physical sense as well.

In exchange for bailout loans that Greece received from European banks within the period 2010 to 2015 (estimated at $262 billion), the country is being dismembered. Greece’s regional airports are now operated by German companies and the country’s main telecommunication firm has been privatised, with sizable shares of it owned by Deutsche Telekom.

“The only thing missing outside the office of Greece’s privatisation agency is a sign that reads: ‘A Nation for Sale’,” wrote Greek political economist, C J Polychroniou.

Unsurprisingly, economic subservience is often a prelude to political bondage as well. Not only did Syriza betray the aspirations of the Greek people who voted against austerity and bailouts, it also betrayed the country’s long legacy of maintaining amicable relationships with its neighbours.

Since his arrival at the helm of Greek politics, Tsipras has moved his country further into the Israeli camp, forging unwise regional alliances aimed at exploiting new gas finds in the Mediterranean and participating in multiple Israeli-led military drills.

While Israel sees an opportunity to advance its political agenda in Greece’s economic woes, the Greek government is playing along without fully assessing the possible repercussions of engaging with a country that is regionally viewed as a pariah, while internationally condemned for its military occupation and terrible human rights record.

Israel moved to pull Athens into its own camp in 2010, shortly after the Turkish-Israeli spat over the Mavi Marmara attack ensued. Israeli commandos attacked the Turkish Gaza-bound boat, killing nine Turkish nationals and injuring many more.

Although Turkey and Israel have, since then, reached a diplomatic understanding, Tel Aviv has moved forward to create alternative allies among Balkan countries, exploiting historical conflicts between some of these countries and Turkey.

Bilateral agreements were signed, high diplomatic visits exchanged and military exercises conducted in the name of deterring “international jihad” and fighting terrorism.

Greece and Cyprus received greater Israeli attention since they, on the one hand, were seen as a political counterweight to Turkey and, on the other, because of the great economic potential they offered.

Just one month after the Mavi Marmara attack, then Greek Prime Minister George Papandrous visited Israel, followed by an official visit by Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to Greece — the first of its kind. That was the start of a love affair that is growing deeper.

The main motivation behind the closeness in relations is the Leviathan and Tamar gas fields, located in the territorial waters of several countries, including Lebanon. If Israel continues with its plans to extract gas from an energy source located off the coast of Lebanon, it will increase the chances of yet another regional war.

When Tsipras came to power on the shoulders of a populous political movement, Palestinians hoped that he would be different.

It was not exactly wishful thinking, either. Syriza was openly critical of Israel and had “vowed to cut military ties with Israel upon coming to office”, wrote Patrick Strickland, reporting from Athens. Instead the “ties have, nonetheless, been deepened”.

Indeed, soon after taking power, the “radical left”-led Greek government signed a major military agreement with Israel, the “Status of Forces” accord, followed by yet more military exercises.

All of this was reinforced by a propaganda campaign in Israel hailing the new alliance, coupled with a changing narrative in Greek media regarding Israel and Palestine.

One George Tzogopoulos has been particularly buoyant about Israeli-Greek friendship. Writing a series of articles in various media, including the rightwing Israeli newspaper, The Jerusalem Post, Tzogopoulos suggests that, unlike the older generation of Greeks who sided with Palestinians in the past, the young generation is likely to be pro-Israel.

“This process (of converting Greeks to loving Israel) will take time, of course, because it is principally related to school education,” he wrote in Algemeiner. “But the change in coverage of Israel by Greek journalists is a good omen.”

That “change of coverage” was also notable in the recent official visit by Israeli President Reuven Rivlin and his meeting with Tsipras and other Greek officials.

In the meetings, Rivlin complained of Palestinian obstinacy and refusal to return to the “peace process”, thus causing a “serious crisis”.

The “radical left” leader said little to challenge Rivlin’s falsehoods.

Greece was not always this way, of course. Who could forget Andreas Papandreou, the late Greek leader who gave the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) diplomatic status in 1981, and stood by Palestinians despite American and Israeli threats?

It is that generation that Tzogopoulos and his like would have gone forever, replaced by morally-flexible leaders like Tsipras.

However, signing off to join an Israel-led economic and military alliance in an area replete with conflict is a terribly irresponsible move, even for politically inexperienced and opportunistic politicians.

For Greece to be the “strong arm of imperialism in the region” — as described by the leader of the Socialist Workers Revolutionary Party in Greece — is “completely stupid” as it will, in the long run, bring “catastrophic results for (the) Greek people”.

But Tsipras seems incapable of looking that far ahead.
For a brief historical moment, Alexis Tsipras and his political party, Syriza, ignited hope that Greece could resurrect a long-dormant leftist tide in Europe.

A new Greece was being born out of the pain of economic austerity, imposed by the European Union and its overpowering economic institutions — a troika so ruthless it cared little while the Greek economy collapsed and millions of people experienced the bitterness of poverty, unemployment and despair.

The Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) came to power in January 2015 as a direct outcome of popular discontent with the EU. It was a time when ordinary people took a stance to fend for whatever semblance of sovereignty not wrestled away from them by politicians, bankers and powerful bureaucratic institutions.

The result, however, was quite disappointing. Tsipras, now prime minister, transformed his political discourse and gradually adopted one that that is more consistent with the very neoliberal policies that pushed his country to its knees in the first place.

Syriza sold out, not only politically and ideologically, but in an actual physical sense as well.

In exchange for bailout loans that Greece received from European banks within the period 2010 to 2015 (estimated at $262 billion), the country is being dismembered. Greece’s regional airports are now operated by German companies and the country’s main telecommunication firm has been privatised, with sizable shares of it owned by Deutsche Telekom.

“The only thing missing outside the office of Greece’s privatisation agency is a sign that reads: ‘A Nation for Sale’,” wrote Greek political economist, C J Polychroniou.

Unsurprisingly, economic subservience is often a prelude to political bondage as well. Not only did Syriza betray the aspirations of the Greek people who voted against austerity and bailouts, it also betrayed the country’s long legacy of maintaining amicable relationships with its neighbours.

Since his arrival at the helm of Greek politics, Tsipras has moved his country further into the Israeli camp, forging unwise regional alliances aimed at exploiting new gas finds in the Mediterranean and participating in multiple Israeli-led military drills.

While Israel sees an opportunity to advance its political agenda in Greece’s economic woes, the Greek government is playing along without fully assessing the possible repercussions of engaging with a country that is regionally viewed as a pariah, while internationally condemned for its military occupation and terrible human rights record.

Israel moved to pull Athens into its own camp in 2010, shortly after the Turkish-Israeli spat over the Mavi Marmara attack ensued. Israeli commandos attacked the Turkish Gaza-bound boat, killing nine Turkish nationals and injuring many more.

Although Turkey and Israel have, since then, reached a diplomatic understanding, Tel Aviv has moved forward to create alternative allies among Balkan countries, exploiting historical conflicts between some of these countries and Turkey.

Bilateral agreements were signed, high diplomatic visits exchanged and military exercises conducted in the name of deterring “international jihad” and fighting terrorism.

Greece and Cyprus received greater Israeli attention since they, on the one hand, were seen as a political counterweight to Turkey and, on the other, because of the great economic potential they offered.

Just one month after the Mavi Marmara attack, then Greek Prime Minister George Papandrous visited Israel, followed by an official visit by Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to Greece — the first of its kind. That was the start of a love affair that is growing deeper.

The main motivation behind the closeness in relations is the Leviathan and Tamar gas fields, located in the territorial waters of several countries, including Lebanon. If Israel continues with its plans to extract gas from an energy source located off the coast of Lebanon, it will increase the chances of yet another regional war.

When Tsipras came to power on the shoulders of a populous political movement, Palestinians hoped that he would be different.

It was not exactly wishful thinking, either. Syriza was openly critical of Israel and had “vowed to cut military ties with Israel upon coming to office”, wrote Patrick Strickland, reporting from Athens. Instead the “ties have, nonetheless, been deepened”.

Indeed, soon after taking power, the “radical left”-led Greek government signed a major military agreement with Israel, the “Status of Forces” accord, followed by yet more military exercises.

All of this was reinforced by a propaganda campaign in Israel hailing the new alliance, coupled with a changing narrative in Greek media regarding Israel and Palestine.

One George Tzogopoulos has been particularly buoyant about Israeli-Greek friendship. Writing a series of articles in various media, including the rightwing Israeli newspaper, The Jerusalem Post, Tzogopoulos suggests that, unlike the older generation of Greeks who sided with Palestinians in the past, the young generation is likely to be pro-Israel.

“This process (of converting Greeks to loving Israel) will take time, of course, because it is principally related to school education,” he wrote in Algemeiner. “But the change in coverage of Israel by Greek journalists is a good omen.”

That “change of coverage” was also notable in the recent official visit by Israeli President Reuven Rivlin and his meeting with Tsipras and other Greek officials.

In the meetings, Rivlin complained of Palestinian obstinacy and refusal to return to the “peace process”, thus causing a “serious crisis”.

The “radical left” leader said little to challenge Rivlin’s falsehoods.

Greece was not always this way, of course. Who could forget Andreas Papandreou, the late Greek leader who gave the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) diplomatic status in 1981, and stood by Palestinians despite American and Israeli threats?

It is that generation that Tzogopoulos and his like would have gone forever, replaced by morally-flexible leaders like Tsipras.

However, signing off to join an Israel-led economic and military alliance in an area replete with conflict is a terribly irresponsible move, even for politically inexperienced and opportunistic politicians.

For Greece to be the “strong arm of imperialism in the region” — as described by the leader of the Socialist Workers Revolutionary Party in Greece — is “completely stupid” as it will, in the long run, bring “catastrophic results for (the) Greek people”.

But Tsipras seems incapable of looking that far ahead.

*This story was first published in Al-Ahram Weekly  

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