Iraq placed its security forces on high alert on Saturday, in response to ongoing protests in the country's southern provinces over poor government services and corruption.
The nationwide order was issued overnight by Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, who also serves as the country's commander in chief of the armed forces, in a directive seen by Reuters.
Reinforcement troops from both the Counter Terrorism Service and the Army's Ninth Division have already been dispatched to Basra, where demonstrators gathered for the sixth consecutive day, to help protect the province's oil fields, security sources said.
The directive came in an effort to stem the burgeoning protests, which on Friday spread from oil-city Basra - where residents had blocked access to the nearby commodities port of Umm Qasr - to the cities of Amara, Nasiriya and the Shia holy city of Najaf.
Hundreds of Iraqis stormed the airport and halted air traffic in Najaf on Friday.
Iraq's top Shia cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, had expressed solidarity with protesters, saying they faced an "extreme lack of public services" such as electricity in the suffocating summer heat.
Sistani, who has millions of followers, rarely intervenes in politics, but has wide sway over public opinion.
On Saturday, tens of protesters were demonstrating at the Safwan border crossing with Kuwait as well as at the entrance to the Majnoon oil field, one of the largest in the country which lies 40 km north of Basra, local security sources said. However, they had not entered the facility.
Protesters have been gathering at several major oilfields in Basra in recent days.
Oil exports from Basra account for more than 95 percent of OPEC producer Iraq's state revenues.
Any potential disruptions to production could severely impact the country's limping economy. Basra oil officials have said the protests have not impacted crude production.
Iraqi politicians face growing unrest as they try to form a coalition government after a May 12 parliamentary election tainted by allegations of fraud.
Abadi is heading a fragile caretaker government, in place until the new government is formed.
A political bloc led by cleric Moqtada al-Sadr won a majority in the poll on an anti-corruption platform which had appeal across Iraq's electorate.