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Tuesday, 25 September 2018

Egypt's fight for the Nile

Diplomats and experts call for Egypt to take an initiative in the Nile Basin crisis and implement measures to counteract the looming threat of rising sea levels and water shortage

Ahmed Elleiba, Tuesday 4 Jan 2011
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Views: 7786

Diplomats and environmental and legal experts in Egypt are as one on how to address the issue of Nile water distribution. Attendees at lectures sponsored by the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs discussed how to move on beyond the current impasse in negotiations with the other Nile countries.

First, they said, there needs to be a single national agency responsible for Nile Basin affairs to manage the current crisis after several Nile source countries signed a framework agreement (the Cooperative Framework Agreement) which Egypt and Sudan refused to join claiming it neglected key concerns.

This first step is seen as a more viable option than letting the matter be distributed among several government bodies, they agreed. Members of the new agency would be drawn from the National Security Authority, the ministries of foreign affairs, agriculture, water resources, irrigation and international cooperation.

Mustafa El-Fiqi, the chairman of the National Security and Foreign Relations Committee in the Shura Council, said the problems of managing the Nile water crisis are primarily political.

"Someone is whispering in the ear of Nile Basin countries that the 21st century is the century of water," El-Fiqi said. "While the 20th century was the era of oil and the Arabs benefited greatly from that, it is now their turn to reap the rewards and put a price on water and sell it like the Arabs did oil."

Ibrahim Nassereddin, director of the Institute of African Studies and Research, said that Egyptian-African relations are fractured, with animosity directed at Egypt. He used the example of Ethiopia, whose role on the continent has historically been in direct conflict with Egypt's because it views Cairo as a coloniser. Accordingly, Ethiopia resents Egypt's presence among the Nile Basin states.

Ambassador Reda Bebars, who is in charge of the issue at the foreign ministry, asserted that the agreement will not proceed as planned. Bebars said that Egypt will continue talks with concerned parties and has drafted a development plan and closely monitors any new moves by donors for new projects, such as Ethiopia’s planned construction of dams along the river.

To add the sense of urgency, Egypt is predicted to suffer climatic and environmental calamities in the future, forcing it to seek new solutions. Most pressing of these is the expansion of desalination projects and digging a small canal around the Aswan dam to allow the passage of soil towards the Nile Delta whose steady erosion will see areas flooded by the Mediterranean, according to Khaled Ouda, a geology and palaeontology expert.

Managing the crisis from a legal standpoint is comparatively straight forward, according to Egypt's legal team in charge of the issue, because the statutes of international law are in Egypt’s favour. Mohamed Sameh Amr, head of the legal team, said that Cairo is standing on firm grounds regarding its share of Nile water.

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yotsa
21-10-2012 10:12am
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Egypt policy makers!!
The major problems of Egyptians emanate from this kind of thinking "Someone is whispering in the ear of Nile Basin countries that the 21st century is the century of water," El-Fiqi said. "While the 20th century was the era of oil and the Arabs benefited greatly from that, it is now their turn to reap the rewards and put a price on water and sell it like the Arabs did oil." You Egyptians policy makers, we black African can’t we think for ourselves? Do we need someone to whisper or tell us what is good for us and not!! Ethiopians and the whole Nile basin countries never and ever think to sell water to anyone rather they came to roundabout table to share the water!! On Earth how the Nile issue could be handled by national security issues it is very amazing, due to this you will always conspire against Nile initiative countries and work to this demise of this countries!! Please Egyptians stop this mentality and come to the table!!
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34



Danny
17-03-2011 09:07am
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nile
I hope our egyptian brothers will come over of the anestesia which is making them sleepy and unfocused. come on, wake up! let's develop nile hand in hand, if not you should now the conseqences, black africa is coming together.
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Mogos Asgodom
12-01-2011 06:42pm
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Egyptians are living in 21st century ,so lets forgive them for the sake of their foolishness.at this era of globalization i advise them to rush with the current development.
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32



Abysinia
12-01-2011 11:40am
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This is time for Africa
My simple request to the Egyptian authority is to get prepared to see things using the deepest portion of their mind ofcourse if they have. I realy faild to understand where they belong to the real time. It seems that they belong to another century or at least to another century. 21st century is the time for dialogue, give and take, work together, live togther. No any other alternative will work and never ever should a matured person tries it. Please when will you start behaving like a grown up person. This water is planty. It only needs equity which further requires stable and healthy state of mind. Egyptians are expected to come to that level.
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31



cyborg
10-01-2011 04:08pm
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nile river
hey egiptians . we aren't saying that lets share the water by spoon. we just said that lets colaborate to develop the sorces of niles !!! & lets have the water together !!! lets eat together !!! know we are not watching only egiptians are eating !!! that time is over know !!! to eat together you must sighn the new water agreement !!! and then we eat together we live together !!! egiptians are the hisorical family of ethiopia !!!
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Ethiopian
10-01-2011 04:07pm
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Nile River
Please weak-up Egyptian be fair player of the game we are no more will be spleeping on this issue . you are our historical enemy ....
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ckoch
10-01-2011 03:09pm
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since the ancient time, no one country kneel in its teritorry unless some stomach dependants.Ethiopia as a nature have its oun unique to preserve its interest. Let we can take the victory of Adwa.NOw we are in construction of new Spirit of Ethiopia in economic strength. NO one should thinks that Ethiopia deserving to affect Egypt.They are human bieng Especially they are AFRICAN. We think about the unity of the continent.
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tom
10-01-2011 01:35pm
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Donors
Please, In the 21st century it is time to do it by your self. No need donors. Every Nile Basin states are preparing to drink with their own hands not donors cup.
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Abesha
10-01-2011 11:08am
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Nile issue and Egypts stand
I dearly ask my Egptian brothers to re-think and think about the issue of Nile Water. do not expect Ethiopians will keep seeing at you eating the frutus, while the entair people of Ethiopians are at hunger, don't ever think!!!. it is time to seat and discuss, find a solution, including an equatabl distirubtion of the water to all, including Ethiopia, source of Nile and major contributer. If Egypt is steal with its policy of distablizing using intrastate and/or inter state conflicts covertly, it is to late now, it is not working and it will not work in the future too.
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Mark Y.
10-01-2011 06:49am
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Hey Egypt think again and again over the matter. It is no as simple as you dar to tell Ethiopia and other East African counries.
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