The United Arab Emirates is fully complying with sanctions imposed this month by the United States on Iran even though it will mean a further drop in trade with Tehran, a UAE economy ministry official told Reuters on Monday.
Abu Dhabi, the political capital of the UAE federation, has taken a hawkish stand on Tehran, although Dubai, the country's business hub, has traditionally been a major trading partner with Iran.
Washington announced on Nov. 5 a series of sanctions targeting Iran's banks, shipping sector, national airline and 200 individuals after President Donald Trump pulled the United States out of an international nuclear deal with Tehran.
"We are implementing the sanctions," Abdullah al-Saleh, undersecretary for foreign trade and industry, said in an interview in Dubai.
The UAE is enforcing the U.S. sanction regime "as it is published by the United States", al-Saleh said, adding that the relevant authorities would ensure compliance.
Al-Saleh said the UAE's trade with Iran is expected to decline this year and next year due to the sanctions, after falling to $17 billion in 2017 from a peak of $20 billion in 2013.
Most trade consists of re-exports via Dubai to Iran, which lies across the Gulf.
The sanctions are part of a wider effort by the Trump administration to diminish Iranian influence in the Middle East.
The UAE is among US allies in the Gulf region that staunchly oppose Iranian foreign policy and swiftly backed Washington's decision. It is also a member of a Saudi-led coalition that is opposing the Iran-aligned Houthi group in Yemen's civil war.
Compliance will mean UAE companies do not face difficulties in the United States, and the UAE government will look to boost trade with other markets such as Africa and Asia to offset the impact of the sanctions on its own economy, al-Saleh said, repeating an existing government policy to diversify trade.
Trump's administration has threatened those who continue to do Iran business with the prospect of losing access to the U.S. market, although it has given temporary exemptions to eight importing countries to keep buying Iranian oil.
The European Union, France, Germany and Britain, which are trying to save the nuclear deal, have said they regret the U.S. decision and will seek to protect European companies doing legitimate business with Tehran.