The holy city of Mecca witnesses heated debate among foreign ministers of the countries of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) over details of the final communiqué of the OIC Summit Friday, the last day of May.
Mecca is hosting two other summits also, called for by King Salman of Saudi Arabia (KSA): one Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) summit and the other for all Arab countries. In his official invitation to the summits, King Salman said the event was for discussing challenges in the region resulting from Iranian aggression and the dangers of its proxy militias in Arab countries.
But observers expected that the summits will be about the Palestinian-Israeli peace deal as much as about Iran. As OIC foreign ministers couldn't agree a draft Thursday, sources at the meeting in Mecca said that the main issue was wording regarding the stance towards the American proposal for peace, dubbed by the media as "Deal of the Century," between Palestinians and Israelis.
Just before the Mecca summits, the US president's special envoy to the Middle East, Jared Kushner, visited Israel and Jordan. The goal was to garner support for the Peace to Prosperity economic workshop in the Bahraini capital Manama on 25-26 June, as American officials said.
Kushner was advised to go to Amman and persuade King Abdullah II of Jordan to support the deal.
As the Palestinian Authority (PA) announced earlier its opposition to the Manama meeting, all eyes were on Jordan's position. This week, the Jordanian king visited Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and had a phone call with King Hamad of Bahrain, but no official statement on participation in Manama workshop has been made.
After meeting Kushner and President Trump's negotiator Jason Greenblatt in Amman, Jordan reiterated that "No economic plan can replace the two-state solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict."
Jordan is wary of the whole deal as the king has in mind that half of the population in the country is of Palestinian origin. In addition, another source of wariness is the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood's opposition to the deal.
Yet, from internal debate reflected in Jordanian media, Amman wouldn't antagonise its allies, nor give full-blown support to the deal. Most probably, Jordan will attend the Manama meeting with a low-profile delegation of junior officials and business people from the private sector.
The KSA and the UAE welcomed the Manama meeting, which was well-received by the sponsors of the deal as both countries are expected to be main investors in the business side of the deal.
The vague outline of the economic aspect of the peace deal is "projects in West Bank, Gaza, and Israel to make the life of Palestinians better in the way to final settlement." Nothing more concrete has come out yet.
A notion has been floated that neighbouring countries, those with Palestinian immigrant populations like Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt, will benefit from proposed projects.
What seems sure is that the Manama workshop is set to go ahead anyway, and reluctant parties can have downsized participation. The workshop involves finance ministers and business people and not a high profile manifestation of endorsements through heads of governments or even foreign ministers.
The PA's position seems to be of less significance to those supporting the deal, as it's considered a "corrupt bureaucracy that can't be trusted by money assigned for prosperity of the Palestinian people."
Even if the Mecca summits reiterated common rhetoric about Palestinians rights, the clout of the KSA will be tested in gathering as many parties to go to Manama.
Kushner, who is also President Trump' son-in-law, was in Jerusalem the day after the end of the mandate for Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to form a government, amid an ambiguous situation that will lead to a snap election. The time to stage the peace deal was postponed due to Israeli elections a couple of months ago, but that might not happen again.
American and Israeli pundits rule out any other postponement until the political stalemate in Israel is cleared.
Though it seems the US administration prefers to deal with Netanyahu, the outcome of the snap Israeli elections wouldn't make a big difference to the overall process. The odds are for Netanyahu to win a comfortable majority that enables him to remain prime minister.
Kushner and his team are going ahead with the economic part starting in Manama and later, probably by the end of summer, the political aspect of the deal will be rolled out.
Nothing about the political aspect of the deal will be unveiled yet, and some say that Kushner's team is waiting to see how regional partners react to the economic side to formulate the political points.
In his tour of the Gulf in late February, Kushner was asked in one off-the-record briefing about what he'll do if the deal fails. His answer was one of casual indifference: "I have my own businesses to go back to care for."