Yemenis began voting on Tuesday to replace President Ali Abdullah Saleh in an election many hope will give Yemen a chance to rebuild the country shattered by a year-long struggle that had pushed Yemen to the brink of civil war.
Although Vice President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi stands uncontested as a consensus candidate, the election is billed as an attempt to help Yemen turn a new page on a president who ruled the country with an iron fist for 33 years.
The vote would make Saleh, now in the United States for further treatment of burns suffered in a June assassination attempt, the fourth Arab autocrat to leave office in a year after revolts in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya.
Large queues formed early in the morning outside polling stations in the capital Sanaa amid tight security, after an explosion ripped through a voting centre in the southern port city of Aden on the eve of the vote.
"We are now declaring the end of the Ali Abdullah Saleh era and will build a new Yemen," Yemeni Nobel Peace winner Tawakul Karman said as she waited to cast her ballot outside a university faculty in the capital Sanaa.
Voters dipped their thumbs in ink and stamped their print on a ballot paper bearing a picture of Hadi and a map of Yemen in the colours of the rainbow.
A high turnout is crucial to give Hadi the legitimacy he needs to institute changes outlined in a power transfer deal brokered by Yemen's Gulf neighbours, including drafting a new constitution and restructuring the armed forces, in which Saleh's relatives hold key positions.
The vote is backed by the United States and Yemen's rich neighbours led by Saudi Arabia, who sponsored the peace deal signed in November allowing Saleh to hand over power to Hadi.
A pickup mounted with anti-aircraft guns and full of soldiers stood by another Sanaa University department as hundreds of men lined up to vote.
"It's the end of the tyrant and hopefully the tyranny of his family," Ziyad al-Qitwi, 21, said. "This is the fruit of a year's worth of revolution."
The election leaves unresolved a military standoff between Saleh's relatives, a mutinous general and gunmen loyal to tribal notables. There is an armed revolt in the north of the country and a secessionist movement in the south where Islamists accused of links to Al-Qaeda have also made advances.
It was not clear who was behind Monday's violence. But separatists are demanding a divorce from the north with which they fought a civil war in 1994 after formal political union in 1990.
Southerners, who accuse the north of usurping their resources and discriminating against them, have said they will boycott the election because it confers legitimacy on a political process to which they were not party.
That prospect threatens to strip any legitimacy from the power transfer plan crafted by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), with US backing, which enshrines Vice President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi for two years in order to draft a new constitution and hold multi-party elections.
The vote has been denounced in advance by youth activists who took to the streets to demand the end of Saleh's 33-year rule, and regard the transfer plan as a pact among an elite they regard as partners to the crimes of Saleh's tenure, including the killings of protesters in the uprising against him.
"The election is a political scenario mapped out in the GCC initiative but in its essence it is irrelevant to the true ideals of democracy," Rana Jarhoum, 29, a development worker, said.