The United Nations voiced "horror" after reports of the discovery of eight mass graves in an area recently seized by the Government of National accord (GNA) after the Libyan National Army (LNA) forces lead by general Khalifa Haftar withdrew.
"UNSMIL notes with horror reports on the discovery of at least eight mass graves in past days, the majority of them in Tarhuna," the UN mission said in a statement on Twitter.
"International law requires that the authorities conduct prompt, effective & transparent investigations into all alleged cases of unlawful deaths," it added.
Several presumed mass graves have been discovered near Tarhuna, southeast of the capital Tripoli, since it was seized by forces loyal to GNA on June 5.
An AFP journalist on Thursday was granted access to a site where several bodies had been discovered and exhumed by the Libyan Red Crescent for identification the day before.
Scraps of clothing were scattered around the site near graves covered with fresh soil.
The director of Tarhuna's public hospital, Aburawi al-Buzeidi, said 160 bodies were discovered in the morgue by GNA forces upon their arrival in the city.
The bodies "were transferred to Tripoli and Misrata by the Red Crescent," he told journalists, giving no further details on the bodies.
UNSMIL also welcomed a decision on Thursday by the justice minister to establish a committee to investigate the finds.
"We call on its members to promptly undertake the work aimed at securing the mass graves, identifying the victims, establishing causes of death & returning the bodies to next of kin," it said.
Tarhuna was the main rear base for a year-long offensive by eastern-based LNA forces to recapture the capital from the GNA.
The fighting between Libya's warring sides that has left hundreds dead and forced 200,000 to flee their homes.
In recent weeks GNA forces, reinforced with Turkish drones and air defences, have staged a pounding counter-attack to regain control of the whole of the country's northwest.
LNA forces this month abandoned their remaining positions in the southern suburbs to advancing government troops.
The US, EU and other foreign powers have called for a ceasefire.
But the resurgent GNA has vowed to push on for Sirte, Kadhafi's hometown and the last major settlement before the traditional boundary between western Libya and Haftar's stronghold in the east.
The GNA's counter-assault is the latest round of fighting in years of violence following the 2011 toppling and killing of longtime dictator Moamer Kadhafi in a Western-backed uprising.
* This story was edited by Ahram Online