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Congress: Egypt, Turkey can help resolve conflict

A day after Obama warned of escalating the crisis between Gaza and Israel, a US Republican senator threatens Egypt of cutting the American aid in case it didn't practice pressure on Hamas to stop firing rockets against Israel

AP , Monday 19 Nov 2012
Relatives of Palestinian Matter Abu al-Atta, who was killed in Israeli shelling on Saturday, mourn during his funeral in Gaza City . (Photo: Reuters)
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U.S. lawmakers are calling on Egypt and Turkey to take a central role in helping to end the bloody conflict in the Middle East, with one influential senator going so far as to say that American aid dollars are at risk if Egypt doesn't reign in Hamas militants.

Their comments came as the U.S. and Britain warned about the risks of an Israeli ground assault in the Gaza Strip, while vigorously defending the Jewish state's right to protect itself against rocket attacks.

"Egypt, watch what you do and how you do it," said Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham, in an interview Sunday on NBC's "Meet the Press." ''You're teetering with the Congress on having your aid cut off if you keep inciting violence between the Israelis and the Palestinians."

Israeli officials say the airstrikes are aimed at ending months of rocket fire out of the Hamas-ruled territory. Israel began the offensive with an unexpected airstrike that killed Hamas' military chief, and since then has targeted suspected rocket launchers and storage sites.

But the crisis has since grown in scope with a mounting civilian death toll and suggestions that Israel is considering a ground invasion in lieu of Egyptian-led truce efforts.

President Barack Obama told reporters Sunday that "Israel has every right to expect that it does not have missiles fired into its territory." But he also suggested avoiding the use of ground troops if possible.

"It's not just preferable for the people of Gaza," he said at a news conference in Bangkok at the start of a three-nation visit to Asia. "It's also preferable for Israelis, because if Israeli troops are in Gaza, they're much more at risk of incurring fatalities or being wounded."

Obama said he has told Egypt's president, Mohammed Morsi, and Turkey's prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, that "those who champion the cause of the Palestinians should recognize that if we see a further escalation of the situation in Gaza, then the likelihood of us getting back on any kind of peace track that leads to a two-state solution is going to be pushed off way into the future."

Lawmakers on Sunday agreed, and said all eyes were on Morsi.

"It's pretty weak so far, from what I can tell," Sen. Carl Levin said of Egypt's response to the conflict.

"I think that they're going to have to take some very serious steps diplomatically to make it clear to Hamas that they're going to lose support in the Arab world if they continue these rocket attacks on Israel," added Levin, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee.

Lawmakers also blamed Iran for arming Hamas militants, and questioned Egypt's role in that.

"My guess is there has to be some tacit involvement in Egypt and the border or these things wouldn't be getting in to Gaza," said Rep. C.A. "Dutch" Ruppersberger, the top Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee.

Sen. Joseph Lieberman said he thinks the threat of a ground war is overblown.

"I don't think the Israelis really want a ground war," he told "Fox News Sunday." ''They'll go into Gaza if they feel they need to, to eliminate the remainder of the missiles. ... So really, the decision is up to Hamas, as to whether there will be a ground invasion of Gaza or not."

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