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Thursday, 06 August 2020

Israeli-Palestinian peace moves since 1991

As US Secretary of State John Kerry announces that Israel and the Palestinians have agreed the basis to resume peace talks, presented is an overview of the last 20 years of peace negotiations

AFP , Saturday 20 Jul 2013
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Here is a chronology of events in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process since the Madrid Peace Conference to date:

1991:

- 1 November: The Madrid Peace Conference sets peace process framework.

1993:

- 13 September: Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) sign a Declaration of Principles on autonomy after months of secret negotiations in Oslo. The declaration is known as the Oslo Accords.

1994:

- 4 May: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat sign autonomy accord in Cairo.

2000:

- 11-25 July: US President Bill Clinton hosts talks with Arafat and Israeli premier Ehud Barak at Camp David that collapse over the issues of Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees. Within weeks, a controversial visit of then opposition leader Ariel Sharon to Al-Aqsa Mosque in East Jerusalem sparks a new Palestinian uprising, or Intifada.

2001:

- 21 January: Talks in Taba, Egypt, fail to revive the peace process.

2003:

- 4 June: Launch of a "roadmap" for the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005 at a summit in Jordan with US President George W Bush, Israeli premier Ariel Sharon and Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas.

2005:

- 2 February: Sharon and Abbas — now Palestinian president after the death of Arafat — meet in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, and declare an end to hostilities.

2007:

- 27 November: Abbas and Israeli premier Ehud Olmert formally restart negotiations at Annapolis, Maryland.

2008:

- 27 December: Israel begins a devastating 22-day military offensive on the Gaza Strip, prompting the Palestinians to suspend peace talks.

2010:

- 2 September: US President Barack Obama launches direct talks at a White House summit with Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.

- 26 September: A partial freeze of West Bank settlement building expires, leading to the collapse of direct talks.

2011:

- 19 May: Obama's call for a Palestinian state based on 1967 borders, namely the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem, is rejected by Netanyahu.

- 23 September: The International Quartet — the United States, Russia, European Union and UN — unveils a plan to relaunch talks that include a resumption of dialogue within a month and a commitment to securing a peace deal by the end of 2012.

- 31 October: Palestinians win entry to UN cultural organisation UNESCO. Israel announces the construction of 2,000 settler homes in East Jerusalem and the West Bank and the freezing of funds due to the Palestinian Authority.

2012:

- 3 January: Palestinian and Israeli negotiators meet discretely in Jordan.

- 25 January: A senior Palestinian official rules out more talks after a fifth meeting.

- 10 June: While direct talks remain in deep freeze, senior officials from both sides have been holding a quiet dialogue, both sides say.

2013:

30 April: The Arab League flags a shift in the terms of its 2002 Arab Peace Initiative to incorporate the idea of mutual land swaps.

18 July: A Palestinian official says leaders will vote on a US plan under which peace talks with Israel will not depend on a settlement ban.

19 July: At the end of his sixth visit to the Middle East in as many months, US Secretary of State John Kerry announces agreement has been reached on a basis for resuming final status negotiations between the Palestinians and Israelis.

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