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Thursday, 28 May 2020

Gulf Arab states say Syrian opposition should attend Geneva

Reuters , Thursday 28 Nov 2013
UAE
United Arab Emirates Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed (Photo: Reuters)
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Syrian peace talks planned for January must put in place a timeframe for a transitional government and should not involve any opposition group other than the National Coalition, Gulf Arab foreign ministers said.

In a statement issued on Wednesday after they met in Kuwait, foreign ministers of the six Gulf Cooperation Council members also said they hoped Iran's preliminary deal with world powers would lead to a comprehensive solution to its nuclear crisis.

"The ministers affirmed the importance of strengthening international support for the Syrian opposition represented by the National Coalition, for participation in the Geneva 2 conference," said the statement.

It added that the conference should lead to "an agreement to put in place a limited timeframe to form a Syrian transitional government with full executive powers, in accordance with the statement of Geneva 1 on Jan. 30 2012".

The statement also reiterated the Gulf states' position that the National Coalition was the only legitimate representative of the Syrian people and that the Geneva talks should not go ahead with any other opposition groups.

The coalition said on Wednesday it would attend the talks and that President Bashar al-Assad could play no further role in the country.

The GCC is made up of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Oman.

Saudi Arabia and Qatar are the main backers of the Syrian National Coalition and the Free Syrian Army, which they have aided with weapons, training, money and military intelligence in the fight against Assad's government.

Assad is backed by Iran, which struck a preliminary deal on Sunday with world powers involving limited sanctions relief for more international oversight of its nuclear programme.

The Gulf Arab foreign ministers said they hoped the agreement would be a first step leading to "a comprehensive resolution" of Iran's atomic dispute, but that this would need goodwill.

GULF DIPLOMACY

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Zarif said he would visit Kuwait and Oman next week, Kuwait's state news agency reported late on Wednesday, citing comments he made in a press conference in Tehran.

United Arab Emirates Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed, will visit Tehran on Thursday, Iranian state media reported on Wednesday. Sheikh Abdullah last visited Iran in 2011.

Zarif added he also planned to visit Saudi Arabia but had not yet set a date. On Tuesday, Iran's former president, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, said he wanted better relations with Saudi Arabia in an interview with the Financial Times.

Improving relations with regional countries is a central plank of Iran's diplomatic policy under its new president, Hassan Rouhani.

He and Zarif have stressed greater regional stability as a priority, arguably an attempt to blunt the opposition of Gulf countries, particularly Saudi Arabia, to Tehran's newly minted nuclear deal with world powers.

Sunni Muslim Saudi Arabia has long been wary of Iranian influence in the Middle East, fearing the Shi'ite-led country is seeking regional dominance and stirring sectarian tensions.

Despite its guarded welcome of the interim nuclear deal, Riyadh still views Tehran with suspicion, diplomatic sources in the Gulf say, fearing the agreement will take pressure of Iran and allow it scope to cause trouble.

On Wednesday, US President Barack Obama made a phone call to Saudi King Abdullah to reassure him about the deal.

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