North Korea dispatched its top diplomat to Russia on Saturday amid a flurry of regional diplomacy aimed at defusing tensions over Pyongyang's deadly artillery attack on South Korea, while U.S. and Chinese military officials met on Friday for "frank" and "candid" talks that included North Korea, and other issues.
North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Ui Chun left for Russia, the North's official Korean Central News Agency reported in a one-sentence report. No details were given, but Pak on Friday accused South Korea and the United States of pursuing a policy of hostility and confrontation and reiterating that Pyongyang needs its nuclear program to fend them off.
"We once again feel convinced that we have made the right choice in strengthening our defenses with the nuclear deterrent," he said, according to an interview with the Russian news agency Interfax.
The trip comes two days after North Korean leader Kim Jong Il met in Pyongyang with Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo, Beijing's top foreign policy official.
The two reached consensus on the situation on the Korean peninsula during candid and in-depth talks, China's official Xinhua News Agency has said, without elaborating.
It was not clear whether the two discussed the North's Nov. 23 artillery attack on a South Korean island near the Koreas' disputed western sea border. The barrage killed four South Koreans, including two civilians.
China has been under intense international pressure to use its diplomatic clout to rein in its ally North Korea.
Meanwhille, Michele Flournoy, undersecretary of defense for polic of the US, met with General Ma Xiaotian, Chinese deputy chief of general staff of the People's Liberation Army, for periodic military talks.
"The meeting was part of a restart of US-China military to military relationship, which is a very important one," Flournoy told reporters.
Defense Secretary Robert Gates will visit China next month as the world's two largest economies try to smooth differences over Taiwan, military exercises and China's response to North Korea's artillery attack last month on a South Korean island.
However, New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson is to visit North Korea next week, raising the prospect of a diplomatic resolution to the tensions. He is to depart from the U.S. on Tuesday.
The diplomatic trouble-shooter has made regular visits to North Korea and has also hosted North Korean officials in New Mexico. He helped win the release of Americans held in North Korea in the 1990s and travelled to Pyongyang in 2007 to recover remains of U.S. servicemen killed in the Korean War.
This flurry of diplomacy comes as South Korean President Lee Myung-bak expressed optimism during this week's trip to Malaysia that the reunification of Korea is drawing near.
"North Korea now remains one of the most belligerent nations in the world," Lee said in the interview published Friday in The Star, a Malaysian newspaper. But, he added, it's a "fact that the two Koreas will have to coexist peacefully and, in the end, realize reunification."
In a speech Thursday night, Lee made similar remarks, saying that North Koreans have become increasingly aware that the South is better off. He did not elaborate on how their knowledge has expanded, but he said it was "an important change that no one can stop." "Reunification is drawing near," Lee said, according to the president's website.
He also called on China to urge its ally Pyongyang to embrace the same economic openness that has led millions of Chinese out of poverty - and said that North Korean economic independence was the key to reunification.
Lee didn't give a specific timeframe for the reunification of Korea, which was divided after the end of Japanese rule and officially remains in a state of war because the Koreas' 1950-53 conflict ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.
It wasn't clear why Lee was making a push for reunification now. South Korean leaders often call for a peaceful reunification with the North. There is in Seoul, however, a wariness of the huge social and economic costs associated with absorbing the impoverished North.
North Korea also has called repeatedly for reunification, but it imagines integration under its authoritarian political system. It has shown no sign that it would allow any reunification that results in its absorption by the richer South.