Last Update 9:31
Wednesday, 16 October 2019

Catalan separatists' rebellion trial closes

AFP , Wednesday 12 Jun 2019
Views: 1260
Views: 1260

The four-month trial of Catalan separatist leaders accused of rebellion or disobedience for trying to make their region independent from Spain ended on Wednesday.

The 12 defendants have been in the dock in Madrid every week since February, in a case that rattled the Spanish state and laid bare bitter divisions in the country.

The Supreme Court has scrutinised their role in organising an illegal referendum on secession and a short-lived declaration of independence in October 2017.

The court is not expected to pronounce its judgement until later in the year.

Their supporters say they are "political prisoners" repressed by the Spanish state.

Their opponents say they broke the law and put Spain's unity in peril in the country's worst political crisis since its transition to democracy in the 1970s.

Surveys indicated that around 47 percent of people in Catalonia favour independence for the wealthy northeastern region.

Nine of the defendants are charged with rebellion, including Catalonia's former vice-president Oriol Junqueras, who risks 25 years in jail.

In his last comments to the court on Wednesday, Junqueras was defiant.

"Voting... and defending the republic from a parliament can not be a crime," he said.

- 'Prosecuted for my ideas' -

The three other defendants face lesser charges of disobedience and misuse of public funds.

Catalan pro-independence protesters in Barcelona called a demonstration to mark the end of the trial.

"This trial is a democratic anomaly," said one, 25-year-old student Abel Vila, carrying a red and yellow pro-independence flag.

Some of the key figures in Catalonia's independence drive have been behind bars for more than a year and a half pending the trial.

Catalonia's former president Carles Puigdemont, the main protagonist of the secession attempt, was conspicuously absent after he fled Spain.

In Puigdemont's absence, his former deputy Junqueras, 50, has been the lead focus of the case.

"I am being prosecuted for my ideas and not for my actions," Junqueras told the court in February.

Prosecutors retorted that the defendants were on trial for having broken the law, not for their opinions.

Despite being in detention, Junqueras was elected as a lawmaker in the national parliament in an April general election along with four other fellow defendants. They were later suspended from parliament.

On May 26, Junqueras was also elected to the European Parliament and he says he hopes to keep that post, although how that will happen remains to be seen.

- Crucial sentencing due later -

"No matter what it is, the sentence will be interpreted by the independence movement as an element to hold on to, to try to mobilise its camp again," said politics professor Oriol Bartomeus.

He said the sentence could push Catalonia's separatist-led government into calling snap regional elections or even "a reaction like disobedience".

Bartomeus added however that the trial did not appear to have swayed opinion in either camp in Catalonia.

"The trial will have been useful to strengthen an independence movement that had been left without much horizon or road ahead" months after the secession bid, he said.

Still, the trial and the broader secession crisis in Catalonia continue to impact national politics.

Earlier this year, Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez was forced to call a snap election on April 28 after his 2019 budget failed to be voted through. Catalan separatist lawmakers had refused to back it, partly in solidarity with those on trial.

- Rebellion -

One of the most controversial elements of the trial has been the charge of rebellion levelled at nine of the defendants.

Under Spanish law, rebellion is a serious offence that implies a violent uprising.

Defence lawyers and independence supporters insist there was no violence.

The charges rest on "an account of events that does not correspond to the reality of what happened," one of the defence lawyers, Marina Roig, said Wednesday.

Prosecutors say the defendants "fomented, favoured and sought direct confrontation between the crowds of citizens and police," particularly during the banned independence referendum on October 1, 2017, which was marred by police violence.

On Tuesday, Junqueras's lawyer Andreu Van den Eynde said there may have been disobedience but never rebellion. He accused prosecutors of "bias and exaggeration."

The trial's chief prosecutor Javier Zaragoza, however, has said the secession bid was a "coup d'etat" aimed at "wiping out the Spanish constitution."

Short link:


Ahram Online welcomes readers' comments on all issues covered by the site, along with any criticisms and/or corrections. Readers are asked to limit their feedback to a maximum of 1000 characters (roughly 200 words). All comments/criticisms will, however, be subject to the following code
  • We will not publish comments which contain rude or abusive language, libelous statements, slander and personal attacks against any person/s.
  • We will not publish comments which contain racist remarks or any kind of racial or religious incitement against any group of people, in Egypt or outside it.
  • We welcome criticism of our reports and articles but we will not publish personal attacks, slander or fabrications directed against our reporters and contributing writers.
  • We reserve the right to correct, when at all possible, obvious errors in spelling and grammar. However, due to time and staffing constraints such corrections will not be made across the board or on a regular basis.

© 2010 Ahram Online.