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US wants 'more active' India in Afghanistan

US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta says Washington prefers New Delhi retain a modest profile in the Afghan conflict restricted to troop training and infrastructure development

AFP , Tuesday 5 Jun 2012
Panetta
U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta (R) shakes hands with U.S. ambassador to India Nancy Powell upon his arrival in New Delhi June 5, 2012. (Photo: Reuters)
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US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta will encourage India to play a "more active role" in Afghanistan during a two-day visit to New Delhi which began on Tuesday, US officials said.

Washington has previously worried about India antagonising its arch-foe Pakistan and preferred New Delhi retain a modest profile in the Afghan conflict restricted to troop training and infrastructure development.

But officials briefing reporters before Panetta landed in New Delhi Tuesday said US policy has evolved as the NATO-led force prepares to withdraw combat troops by the end of 2014.

"Over the last 10 years, for a variety of reasons, India has not played a particularly active role in Afghanistan," a senior defence official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, told reporters aboard Panetta's plane.

"We welcome India playing a more active role in Afghanistan, a more active political and economic role," the official said, adding that the US hoped India would expand its training of Afghan security forces.

India has "trained army and police before but on a relatively small scale."

Panetta was due to discuss the issue, as well as a new US strategic tilt towards Asia and expanding military ties, when he meets Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and National Security Adviser Shiv Shankar Menon on Tuesday afternoon before giving a policy speech on Wednesday, officials said.

In October, India and Afghanistan signed a "strategic partnership" deal aiming at deepening their security and economic links, with Afghan President Hamid Karzai also keen to elevate India's involvement.

New Delhi, fearful of the return of an Islamist regime in Kabul, has ploughed about $2.0 billion of aid into the country to gain influence, but is extremely wary of over-stepping.

The US official acknowledged the hostility and distrust between India and Pakistan, but said both countries had a common interest in seeing peace take root in Afghanistan.

"Of course there is a risk that the tensions and historical mistrust between India and Pakistan could lead them to view their respective roles in Afghanistan as being in conflict," he said.

"This is not predestined. This does not have to be the case."

Shashank Joshi, an expert on South Asia security and an associate fellow at the London-based think-tank Royal United Services Institute, said the Indians are afraid of what will happen once NATO combat troops pull out in 2014.

"They are convinced the Afghan state is more brittle than the Americans and the British think and fear they will end up picking up the pieces with the jihadis heading east and their interests in danger," he told AFP.

The suggestion India bolster its presence in Afghanistan might be an attempt by Washington to press Pakistan to open its border to NATO supply convoys, which Islamabad has blocked since a US air strike in November that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers.

The United States has had to rely since then on a more costly, cumbersome route to the north through Central Asia.

Any enhanced role for India would alarm Islamabad, which views New Delhi's activities in Afghanistan with deep suspicion, fearing India could effectively encircle Pakistan through its proxies.

Apart from the Afghanistan war, Panetta's talks with Indian leaders are expected to touch on America's much-publicised "rebalance" towards Asia as well as expanding US defence ties with New Delhi.

In President Barack Obama's new strategy blueprint unveiled in January, India is the only country mentioned by name as a vital partner.

US officials say the two countries share democratic traditions and similar concerns about China's stance as well as the threat posed by Islamic extremists in South Asia.

Panetta's visit came as India wrapped up two major US arms deals.

India has agreed to buy 145 howitzer guns from the US unit of British arms group BAE Systems in a deal worth $560 million, an official said Saturday.

And India is close to sealing a $1.4 billion agreement to purchase 22 Apache attack helicopters manufactured by Boeing, US officials said.

The United States has become one of India's top weapons suppliers, with $8.5 billion in arms sales over the past 11 years, according to the Pentagon.

 

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