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Obama names outspoken Rice as his security adviser

Susan Rice withdraws her name from consideration as secretary of state in December, claiming to avoid President Barack Obama the fierce battle of Republican approval in the Congress

AP , Thursday 6 Jun 2013
Susan Rice
Susan Rice, the new National Security Advisor speaks as Samantha Power (L), newly appointed US Ambassador to the United Nations, and US President Barack Obama listen after his announcement of the appointments in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, June 5, 2013 (Photo: Reuters)
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President Barack Obama, defying Republican critics, has named outspoken diplomat Susan Rice as his national security adviser, giving her a larger voice in US foreign policy despite accusations that she misled the nation in the aftermath of the deadly attack on Americans in Benghazi, Libya.

The appointment Wendesday, along with the nomination of human rights advocate Samantha Power to replace Rice as US ambassador to the United Nations, signals a shift by Obama toward advisers who favor more robust American intervention overseas for humanitarian purposes. But it's unclear whether that philosophy will alter the president's policies in Syria, where he has resisted pressure to use US military force to stem that country's civil war.

Rice's appointment provides a measure of redemption after the contentious Benghazi investigations forced her from consideration as Obama's second-term secretary of state. The president, who vigorously defended Rice from the Republican criticism at the time, lauded his close friend Wednesday as a "patriot who puts her country first."

"Susan is a fierce champion for justice and human decency. But she's also mindful that we have to exercise our power wisely and deliberately," Obama said in a White House Rose Garden ceremony.

The 48-year-old Rice takes the influential national security post in the president's inner circle from Tom Donilon, who is stepping down in July after more than four years in the Obama White House. The president credited Donilon with having "shaped every single national security policy of my presidency," including the renewed US focus on the Asia-Pacific region and the tricky American relationship with Russia.

The shake-up at the top echelons of Obama's team comes just as he starts tackling a heavy foreign policy agenda. He's scheduled to hold an unusual summit in California with Chinese President Xi Jinping starting Friday, then travel to Europe and Africa later this month.

Wednesday's announcements came as Obama seeks to regroup from three controversies that have emboldened Republicans and threatened to overshadow his agenda: the US tax collection agency's targeting of conservative political groups, the Justice Department's seizure of phone records of Associated Press journalists and the resurgent investigation into the deaths of four Americans in Benghazi, including Ambassador Christopher Stevens.

The shake-up at the top echelons of Obama's team comes just as he starts tackling a heavy foreign policy agenda. He's scheduled to hold an unusual summit in California with Chinese President Xi Jinping starting Friday, then travel to Europe and Africa later this month.

Rice became entangled in the Benghazi case after asserting in television interviews that the September attack was probably spontaneous, a statement that was later proven false. While Rice said she was relying on talking points provided by the administration, she became a target for Republicans accusing the White House of trying to cover up a terror attack during the presidential election.

But because Rice's new job does not require Senate confirmation, some of the Republican lawmakers who doled out the most aggressive attacks appeared resigned to her promotion through the ranks of Obama's national security team.

Sen. John McCain, one of Rice's harshest critics, wrote on Twitter Wednesday that he disagreed with her appointment but would "make every effort" to work with her on important matters.

The toughest criticism of Rice Wednesday came from Sen. Rand Paul, a Republican member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and possible 2016 presidential candidate, who tangled with former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton over Benghazi at a hearing earlier this year. In a series of tweets, Paul said he questioned "the president's judgment in promoting someone who was complicit in misleading the American public on the Benghazi attacks."

In an ironic twist for her Republican adversaries, Rice may end up wielding more authority in US foreign policy from within the White House than she would have as head of the State Department. Under Obama, the White House, not the State Department or other agencies, has become the power center for the administration foreign policy decision-making.

Standing alongside Obama in the Rose Garden, Rice said she looked forward to working with lawmakers from both parties "to protect the United States, advance our global leadership and promote the values Americans hold dear."

Rice first started working for Obama during his 2008 presidential campaign and already has a close friendship with the president as well as the trust of many of his advisers. She's been a strong advocate at the U.N. for stricter sanctions against Iran and North Korea, and also pushed for the US and allies to use military force to help Libyan rebels oust longtime leader Moammar Gadhafi in 2011.

Rice previously served in various national security positions in President Bill Clinton's administration, including key roles on peacekeeping and African affairs. Her world view is said to have been shaped by Clinton's decision to not intervene in the Rwandan genocide, a move Rice said later deeply affected her.

Power, a human rights advocate and genocide expert, was among the fiercest critics of Clinton officials, including Rice, who kept the US out of Rwanda.

A former journalist, Power won the 2003 Pulitzer Prize in general nonfiction for her book "A Problem From Hell: America and the Age of Genocide," which examined US foreign policy toward genocide in the 20th century.

Power served as an informal adviser to Obama's 2008 presidential campaign, but resigned after calling then-rival Hillary Clinton a "monster." She later joined Obama's national security staff at the White House, overseeing the human rights portfolio.

Despite their reputations as interventionists on humanitarian grounds, neither Rice nor Power has staked out a public position on Syria that differs from the president's.

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