Women are the heads of 17.8 percent of Egyptian households, according to data released by CAPMAS, Egypt’s public statistics body.
CAPMAS estimates the total number of households in January 2014 at 19.9 million, 46 percent of which are in urban areas, with the majority – 10.7 million households – in rural areas.
The data released on the occasion of the International Day of Families showed that more than one third of households (37 percent) contain three to four persons, while 45 percent of households are comprised of five persons or more. Only 5.1 percent of households count eight persons or more.
According to CAPMAS data, the number of households living in housing units that are connected to the public water network reached 96.1 percent in 2012/2013, while about two-thirds of households (64.7 percent) are connected to the sewage network (public or local). The percentage increased in urban areas to 92.4 percent against 42.3 percent in rural areas for the same year.
The annual average for a household's total expenditure increased by 2.1 percent between 2010/11 to reach LE22,700 in 2012/13 (at constant prices from 2010/2011).
The increase was due to an expenditure increase of 6.5 percent in rural areas. The same figure decreased by 1.3 percent in urban areas.