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Egypt's new capital: Big project, big challenges

Reuters , Monday 13 May 2019
new desert
Construction machines and labourers work at the future headquarters of Presidential buildings in the New Administrative Capital (NAC) east of Cairo, Egypt May 2, 2019. Picture taken May 2, 2019. (Photo: Reuters)
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Workers are rushing to build core areas of the new city to replace Cairo, the existing capital on the Nile that has become a traffic-clogged, urban sprawl of more than 20 million people.
 
The project, launched in 2015 by Abdel Fattah al-Sisi a year after he was first elected president, aims to offer a clean and efficient base for the government and finance industry, as well as homes for at least 6.5 million people.
 
headquarters
Construction machines and labourers work at the future headquarters of Presidential buildings in the New Administrative Capital (NAC) east of Cairo, Egypt May 2, 2019. Picture taken May 2, 2019. (Photo: Reuters)
 
But the project, which also seeks to lift an economy dented by political turmoil after 2011, lost a lead investor from the United Arab Emirates and is now being run by the Housing Ministry and the army’s Engineering Authority.
 
“There is very strong interest from the political leadership in the project,” said Ahmed Zaki Abdeen, a retired general who heads the company building the new city, told Reuters.
 
Ahmed Zaki Abdeen
Ahmed Zaki Abdeen, head of the Administrative Capital for Urban Development speaks during an interview with Reuters at his office in Cairo, Egypt May 2, 2019. Picture taken May 2, 2019. (Photo: Reuters)
 
But he said “the large scale of the work leads to large scale problems”, such as finding enough skilled labour to wire up the “smart city” and raising about 1 trillion Egyptian pounds ($58 billion) in financing over coming years from land sales and other investment.
 
“We need very extensive financing and the state doesn’t have money to give me,” said Abdeen, adding that about 20% of investment so far had come from abroad, including up to $4.5 billion from China.
 
A promotional video depicts a green city, running on cashless systems for transport and other services, that contrasts with Cairo, much of whose elegant 19th and early 20th century architectural heart has fallen into disrepair.
 
works at the sit
A Chinese construction labourer works at the site of the future Iconic Tower skyscraper, at its foundations in the business district, being built by China State Construction Engineering Corp (CSCEC) in the New Administrative Capital (NAC) east of Cairo, Egypt May 2, 2019. Picture taken May 2, 2019. (Photo: Reuters)
 
The new city, known for now as the New Administrative Capital, is eventually expected to cover about 700 square km. The first phase, covering about 168 square km, will have ministries, residential neighbourhoods, a diplomatic quarter and a financial district. A large mosque and cathedral, as well a hotel and conference centre, have already been built.
 
With parks and tree-lined avenues, the city will consume an estimated 650,000 cubic metres a day of water from the North African nation’s scarce resources.
 
Laying foundations
 
At the construction site, about 45 km (28 miles) east of Cairo, diggers and cranes clutter the landscape and wide roads run between empty plots and part-finished buildings.
 
Workers for China State Construction Engineering Corp (CSCEC) lay foundations for the business district, where 21 skyscrapers including Africa’s tallest at 85 stories are planned.
 
Abdeen said he hoped a $1.2 billion electrified train link from Cairo to the city, also being built by a Chinese firm, would be ready in 18 months. Before then the city would be served by electric buses, he said.
 
However, a $20 billion deal for the second project phase agreed in 2016 with China Fortune Land Development Co. Ltd fell through over financial terms. The second and third phases had been “postponed”, he added.
 
David Sims, author of Egypt’s Desert Dreams, a book on development projects, said the backing of Egypt’s presidency and military made the project “too big to fail”, although he said that did not guarantee people would want to live there.
 
“It’s one thing to have an army of labourers and lots of machinery out there pushing dirt around but it will be another thing to see if it all comes together,” he said.
 
Chinese construction
Chinese construction labourers work at the site of the future Iconic Tower skyscraper, at its foundations in the business district, being built by China State Construction Engineering Corp (CSCEC) in the New Administrative Capital (NAC) east of Cairo, Egypt May 2, 2019 (Photo: Reuters)
 
Construction machines
Construction machines and labourers work at the future headquarters Ministry of Defense in the government district of the New Administrative Capital (NAC) east of Cairo, Egypt May 2, 2019. (Photo: Reuters)
 
* The story has been edited by Ahram Online
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