The Philippines has become the second country to ratify the International Labour Organisatiion (ILO) Convention 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers, thus allowing the first global standard for domestic workers to come into force in twelve months’ time, the ILO stated on Thursday.
“Today’s ratification by the Philippines sends a powerful signal to the millions of domestic workers who will be protected when the Convention comes into force. I hope it will also send a signal to other member States and that we will soon see more and more countries committing to protect the rights of domestic workers,” said ILO Director-General Juan Somavia.
Uruguay was the first country to ratify C189, on 14 June 2012.
The Convention is an international treaty that is binding on Member States that ratify it, while the accompanying Recommendation provides more detailed guidance on how to apply the Convention.
The historic Convention extends the ILO standards to a sector which continues to be poorly regulated and remains largely part of the informal economy.
Recent ILO estimates based on national surveys and/or censuses in 117 countries place the global number of domestic workers at around 53 million. But since this kind of work is often hidden and unregistered, experts believe that the total number could be as high as 100 million.
In developing countries, domestic workers make up at least 4 to 12 per cent of wage employment. Around 83 per cent of these workers are women or girls, and many are migrant workers. Globally, domestic workers make up 3.6 per cent of wage employment.
The new standard covers all domestic workers and provides for special measures to protect those workers who, because of their young age or nationality or live-in status, may be exposed to additional risks.