As the world this month marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the founder of communism, Karl Marx (5 May 1818-14 March 1883), here are 10 books you can easily find in Arabic in printed and digital formats.
The books range from introductions to his life and works to sophisticated studies of historical materialism and Marx's critique of politics, and his relation to German philosopher Hegel.
The list includes three of Karl Marx's own books, and seven others written by philosophers and critics of his works, exploring the rich and controversial legacy Marx left behind that continues to resonate in political debate from the street to academia.
Books by Marx
1. Ra's Al-Mal (Capital), Vol 1 & 2, by Karl Marx, Trans. Rashed El-Barawy (Nahdet Misr Publishing House: Cairo), 1947, 710pp.
2. Al-Baya Al-Shayou'I (The Communist Manifesto), by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, Trans. Al-Afif Lakhdar (Dar Al-Gamal: Beirut), 2015, 357pp.
3. Bo's Al-Falsafa (The Poverty of Philosophy), by Karl Marx, Trans. Mohamed Mustgir (Dar Al-Tanweer: Beirut), Fourth Edition, 2013, 319pp.
Books on Marx
4. Karl Marx (Karl Marx, Evolution of His Thought), by Roger Garaudy, Trans. George Tarabichi (Dar Al-Adab: Beirut), 1970, 296pp.
5. Karl Marx Serat Haya (Karl Marx Biography), by E. Stepanova, Trans. Iskandar Yassin (Dar Al-Takaddom: Moscow), 1979, 450pp.
6. Marx Wa Nakdouh lel Seyasa (Marx and The Critique of Politics), Multiple Authors, Trans. Joseph Abdullah (Dar Al-Tanweer: Beirut), 2006, 128pp.
7. Ma Ba'd Marx (Beyond Marx), by Falih Abdel-Jabbar (Dar Al-Farabi: Beirut), 2010, 352pp.
8. Min Hegel Ela Marx (From Hegel to Marx: Issues on the Dialectic), by Salama Keila (Dar Al-Tanweer: Beirut), 2010, 312pp.
9. Karl Marx wal Islam (Karl Marx and Islam), by Kamel Mohamed Ewida (Dar Al-Kotob El-Elmia: Cairo), 1993, 168pp.
10. Atyaf Marx (Specters of Marx) by Jacques Derrida, Trans. Monzer Ayashi (Markaz Al-Enmaa El-Hadary: Aleppo), 2006, 325pp.