A picture shows a business, damaged during the 14 months of fighting between the UN recognized Government of National Union (GNA) and Marshal Khalifa Haftar, in a southern neighbourhood in the capital Tripoli on July 9, 2020. (AFP)
France, Italy and Germany are "ready to consider" sanctions on foreign powers violating an arms embargo in Libya, a joint statement by their leaders said Saturday.
The statement did not directly name any foreign actors funneling arms to Libya but multiple powers have been sending fighters and weapons, fuelling a bloody proxy war that reflects wider geopolitical rifts and divisions in the Middle East and within NATO.
While forces loyal to Libyan National Army commander Khalifa Haftar are backed by Russia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, the UN-recognised unity government is backed militarily by Turkey and receives support from Italy and Qatar.
"We ... urge all foreign actors to end their increasing interference and to fully respect the arms embargo established by the United Nations Security Council," the statement said.
"We are ready to consider the possible use of sanctions should breaches to the embargo at sea, on land or in the air continue."
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, France's President Emmanuel Macron and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said they therefore "look forward to the proposals the EU High Representative/Vice President will make to this end."
Voicing "grave concerns" over the escalating military tensions in Libya, they urged "all Libyan parties and their foreign supporters for an immediate cessation of fighting and for a stop of the ongoing military build-up throughout the country."
In Brussels for a crunch EU summit on hammering out a huge recovery fund for the bloc, the three European leaders had met on the sidelines of the meeting to discuss the deteriorating situation in Libya.
Ankara's military support for the GNA has tipped the balance and allowed its forces in June to repel Haftar's 14-month advance on Tripoli and launch a counteroffensive.
This week, Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi warned his country "will not stand idle in the face of any moves that pose a direct threat to the national security not only of Egypt but also that of Libya".
Libya has been mired in chaos since the 2011 uprising that toppled and later killed longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi.
*This story was edited by Ahram Online.