A Syrian student walks to school past damaged buildings in the northern city of Raqqa, on September 23, 2021. AFP
The war in Syria has killed 350,209 fully identified individuals, according to a new count published Friday by the United Nations, which warned the real total of deaths would be far higher.
The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) included only fatalities identifiable by a full name, with a place of death and an established date, from March 2011 to March 2021.
"We assess this figure of 350,209 as statistically sound, based as it is on rigorous work," High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet told the UN Human Rights Council.
"It is not -- and should not be seen as -- a complete number of conflict-related killings in Syria during this period.
"It indicates a minimum verifiable number, and is certainly an under-count of the actual number of killings."
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the benchmark for counting victims of the conflict, published a report on June 1 raising the death toll to 494,438 since the start of the violent crackdown on anti-regime protests in 2011.
The Observatory revised up by 105,000 its previous death toll from March 2021, following months of investigation based on documents and sources on the ground.
UN rights chief Bachelet said more than one in 13 victims on the OHCHR count was a woman -- 27,727 -- while almost one in every 13 was a child -- 27,126.
She said the greatest number of documented fatalities was in the Aleppo governorate, with 51,731 named individuals killed.
Other locations with heavy death tolls were Rural Damascus (47,483), Homs (40,986), Idlib (33,271), Hama (31,993) and Tartus (31,369).
Bachelet said OHCHR had received records with partial information which could not go into the analysis but nonetheless indicated a wider number of killings that were not yet fully documented.
"Tragically, there are also many other victims who left behind no witnesses or documentation," she said.
OHCHR has begun processing information on those alleged to have caused a number of deaths, together with the civilian and non-civilian status of victims, and the cause of death by types of weaponry.
"Documenting the identity of and circumstances in which people have died is key to the effective realisation of a range of fundamental human rights -- to know the truth, to seek accountability, and to pursue effective remedies," said Bachelet.
The former Chilean president said the Syrian people's daily lives "remain scarred by unimaginable suffering... and there is still no end to the violence they endure".
Bachelet said the count would ensure those killed were not forgotten.
"Behind each recorded death was a human being, born free and equal, in dignity and rights," she said.