NATO General Secretary Jens Stoltenberg speaks during a press conference to present the next North Atlantic Council (NAC) Ministers of Foreign Affairs meeting, at the NATO headquarters in Brussels on April 5, 2022. AFP
Speaking a day before NATO foreign ministers gather to discuss additional support to Kyiv, Stoltenberg said the alliance supported investigations into "the horrific images of murdered civilians in Bucha and other places" in Ukraine from which Russian forces had pulled back.
"When and if they withdraw the troops and Ukrainian troops take over, I'm afraid they will see more mass graves, more atrocities and more examples of war crimes," he told a media conference.
The Russian pull-back from areas around heavily defended Kyiv is seen by NATO countries as a redeployment to allow Moscow to focus instead on Ukraine's east and south.
Moscow has maintained Russian-speaking footholds in eastern Ukraine since 2014, when it annexed the Crimean peninsula and backed separatists in the eastern Donbas region bordering Russia.
"Moscow is not giving up its ambitions in Ukraine. We now see a significant movement of troops away from Kyiv, to regroup, rearm and resupply. And they shift their focus to the east," Stoltenberg said.
"In the coming weeks, we expect a further Russian push in the eastern and southern Ukraine to try to take the entire Donbas and to create a land bridge to occupied Crimea," he said.
"This is a crucial phase of the war," he said.
Stoltenberg said NATO foreign ministers meeting on Wednesday and Thursday were expected to discuss their countries providing "more advanced equipment and military support" to help Kyiv's forces withstand the predicted assault.
The weapons would include "Javelins and other anti-tank weapons which have proven extremely effective on the battlefield," he said.
Stoltenberg added that "the more strength we can provide to the Ukrainian armed forces, the better results they can achieve at the negotiating table" in peace talks with Russia.
The US ambassador to NATO, Julianne Smith, told journalists that the supply of weapons to Ukraine was not a NATO operation but "sovereign decisions" by countries in the alliance.
"I would say over two thirds of the allies are actually providing lethal assistance in one form or another," she said, declining to detail what arms were being given.
The NATO ministers were to be joined by counterparts from non-NATO partner countries Australia, Finland, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea and Sweden.
On the sidelines of the NATO gathering, the foreign ministers of the G7 -- comprising Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States -- will also meet.
The G7 has already agreed several waves of sanctions against Russia over its invasion of Ukraine.