In this file photo Latvia s Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins speaks with the media as he arrives for an EU summit in Brussels, June 23, 2022. AP
With over 99 percent of the votes counted, Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins' New Unity party had captured 19 percent support, while the opposition Greens and Farmers Union was second with 12.5 percent and the new centrist electoral alliance United List, made up of several regional parties, was third with 10.9 percent.
Only eight parties or electoral alliances passed the 5 percent barrier and secured representation at the 100-seat Saeima legislature. The center-right National Alliance and the centrist Development/For!, which are both members in Karins' current minority coalition government, are among them.
None of the parties catering to Latvia's ethnic Russian minority, which makes up more than 25 percent of the country's 1.9 million people, managed to secure a seat in Parliament.
Karins, a 57-year-old dual Latvian-U.S. citizen born in Wilmington, Delaware, told media outlets earlier that it would be easiest to continue with the same coalition government if his party won.
Valdis Dombrovskis, the executive vice president of the European Commission and a former Latvian prime minister, said the Baltic country was currently "facing a very complicated geopolitical situation in a context of Russia's aggression against Ukraine.''
Latvia, which borders Russia, joined the European Union and NATO in 2004.
"The victory of the prime minister's party, New Unity, I think, means that people voted for experienced political force with a clear Euro-Atlantic course, which can deal and lead a country in this complicated situation,'' Dombrovskis told New Unity supporters in the capital, Riga.
Saturday's election was a blow particularly for Harmony, a Moscow-friendly party that traditionally served as an umbrella for most of Latvia's Russian-speaking voters, including Belarusians and Ukrainians.
Harmony received a mere 4.8 percent of votes in comparison to the 2018 election, when it garnered almost 20 percent of the vote, the most of any single party, but was excluded by other parties from entering the government.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24 had a substantial effect on voter attitudes, observers say, and resulted in a deep division between Russian-speakers opposing the war and those supporting it. Latvia's economic situation, including soaring energy prices, was the main election issue.
Initial voter turnout was 59.4 percent, the Central Election Committee said, higher than the 2018 election.