COP27, Day 6: The decarbonisation challenge

Ahram Online , Friday 11 Nov 2022

Ahram Online is providing daily live update coverage of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP27) taking place in the Egyptian Red Sea city of Sharm El-Sheikh from 6-18 November.

Sharm El-Sheikh
The sun sets behind signage for the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2022. AP


22:00 Sameh Shoukry, president of COP27 and Egypt’s foreign minister, announced the launch of the Cairo Centre for Learning and Excellence on Adaptation and Resilience to accelerate climate adaptation across Africa.

The new centre’s role will be skill building, exchanging expertise and conducting academic research in cooperation with governments and NGOs in Africa to deal with the problems of climate adaptation.

20:00 Germany  joined France and the Netherlands in pulling out of a 1994 energy treaty which critics say protects investments in fossil fuels.


"We are consistently aligning our trade policy with climate protection and are withdrawing accordingly from the Energy Charter Treaty," said Franziska Brantner, parliamentary state secretary at the Economy Ministry.

"This is also an important signal to the UN Climate Change Conference," she added.

France and the Netherlands have withdrawn from the treaty in recent weeks as they deem it to be incompatible with the Paris climate accord to combat global warming.

18:20 Saudi Minister of Tourism Ahmed Al-Khateeb stressed his country’s keenness on protecting the environment, saying that 30 percent of Saudi Arabia’s land area has been designated as natural protectorates.

The minister made the remarks in a session on sustainable tourism as part of the second edition of the Saudi Green Initiative (SGI) Forum, held on the sidelines of COP27.

The minister said his country prioritises environmental protection in Saudi Vision 2030.

Khateeb said Saudi Arabia has exerted efforts to provide environment-friendly materials in all tourist programs and is avoiding the use of plastics and other environmentally harmful materials.


17: 40 Biden says US, EU and Germany are pledging $500 mln to finance Egypt's transition to clean energy.


17:20 US President Joe Biden delivered a speech to COP27. He began by thanking Egypt for hosting the conference, adding that his commitment to fighting climate change has been "unwavering." 

"Today, finally, thanks to the actions we have taken, I can stand here as president of the United States of America and say with confidence that the United States of America will meet our emissions targets by 2030," he said. 

17:00 Following his arrival in Sharm El-Sheikh, US President Joe Biden held talks with President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi before participating in COP27. 

In short remarks to the press before their closed-door meeting, El-Sisi welcomed his US counterpart, saying that Egyptian-US relations are strategic. 

From his side, Biden called Egypt “the mother of the world,” saying it is well suited to host the COP. He also thanked Egypt for hosting the conference and reminding the world of the importance of climate change. 


16:00 US President Joe Biden  arrives in Sharm El-Sheikh and meets President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi.


14:45 House Speaker Nancy Pelosi holds a US Congressional Delegation press conference at the COP27.

Pelosi arrived in Sharm El-Sheikh yesterday to attend the COP27 where she met with Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi. 

During the conference, Pelosi highlighted the US efforts and plans on climate actions.

She lamented that climate issues have been discussed for decades as a matter of mere survival. “It has always been about the survival of the planet and the survival of the vulnerable countries at risk. We want more than survival.”

“We know there is much more that needs to be done. We accomplished the Inflation Reduction Act -- something that has never been done before in our country and other countries”, the US House Speaker said.

Pelosi stressed that the act promotes justice, diversity and inclusiveness and also  encourages several actors to tackle climate change.

Pelosi thanked Egypt for hosting COP27 and choosing Africa as a theme of the annual gathering, saying” we learn so much from this continent about where we go from.”

“We hope COP27 be the threshold that we all cross to remove all doubts that we are as a world serious about saving the planet for the children,” she added

14:40 US President Joe Biden will spend three hours in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, official sources told Ahram Online. Biden will arrive at 15:20 in  Sharm El-Sheikh Airport, then hold a twenty-minute meeting with President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi at the Tonino Lamborghini International Conference Centre. At 17:15, Biden will deliver a speech to the COP27, announcing new US initiatives to confront climate change.

The US will contribute $100 million for the Climate Change Adaptation Fund, and $150 million to support the climate emergency plan in Africa. He will also announce an initiative to support Egypt in the field of wind energy.

Biden will leave Sharm El-Sheikh at 6:20 pm, heading to Phnom Penh, Cambodia as part of his global tour.

14:20 Egypt is holding daily performances at the COP27 of a variety of dances, including Egyptian Folk Sufi dance, Tannoura , Ancient stick dance of Tahteeb, enlisted on UNESCO's  Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, as well as performances of Semsemya songs and music and songs by Sinai folk troupe and by Harp players.

13:15 In the session titled "The Decarbonisation Challenge," participants – including Egyptian Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Tarek El-Molla and US climate envoy John Kerry – underscored the importance of investing in the decarbonisation of the highest emitting sectors, as well as identifying new technologies to further streamline the process.
US Climate Envoy John Kerry said on Friday the G20 is responsible for 80% of the world's emissions, noting COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh is the beginning of implementation.

Kerry asserted the importance of shifting to the energy transition and reducing the emission of methane globally, pointing out that the results would be amazing by 2030, if all countries were committed to the Global Methane Initiative.

All countries should collaborate to face climate change and the temperature rise, he added.

13:10 Egypt's green economy transition file, NWFE, has won first place among North African and European countries for the Climate Investment Funds (CIF) initiative on nature and climate investments, Minister of International Cooperation Rania Al-Mashat announced Thursday.

The CIF initiative can mobilise $500 million of additional concessional capital every year for developing countries, leading to an estimated $50 billion in total investment over ten years.

13:00 Dozens of environmental activists have gathered inside the UN climate conference venue, protesting against the continued global investment in fossil fuels.

The protesters called for negotiators at COP27, particularly those from the world's largest emitters, to pay more to address the impacts of climate change in poorer countries in Africa.

Nigerian activist Lucky Abeng, from the Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance, told AP they would continue to pressure world leaders to do more for countries who “contribute nothing or less in changing the climate.”

Africa is responsible for just 4% of global emissions despite making up 17% of the world's population, but is one of the regions most vulnerable to climate change.

12:30 The UN Environment Programme unveiled the satellite-based Methane Alert and Response System (MARS) as part of efforts to cut down on the major contributor to global warming. 

Methane, emitted by leaks in fossil fuel installations as well as from livestock farming and landfills, is responsible for roughly 30 percent of the global rise in temperatures to date.

Dozens of countries last year pledged to act to cut pollution from the potent greenhouse gas.

MARS satellites will detect and identify the source of methane "hot spots," the UNEP said in a statement.

UNEP would then notify governments and companies about the emissions "so that the responsible entity can take appropriate action."

12:20 Under the Breakthrough Agenda, countries representing more than 50 percent of global GDP set out sector-specific ‘Priority Actions’ to decarbonise power, transport and steel, scale up low-emission hydrogen production and accelerate the shift to sustainable agriculture by COP28. Read more here

11:50 US President Joe Biden is set to meet with Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi to discuss a number of regional and bilateral issues on the sidelines of the COP27, according to a press release from the White House.

Biden is set to address the conference at 17:15 Cairo Local Time.

11:45 Speakers at a session on "The Decarbonization Challenge" underscored the importance of investing in the decarbonization of the highest emitting sectors, as well as identifying new technologies to further streamline the process.

They included Egyptian Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Tarek El-Molla, US Special Presidential Envoy for the Climate John Kerry and the Head of Programs of Third World Network Meena Raman.

11:00  At a session titled “Breakthrough Agenda”, Mahmoud Mohieldin, the UN Climate Change High Level Champion for Egypt, said the Sharm El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda, which was adopted at the COP27, aims to improve the resilience of 4 billion people by 2030 through projects in the fields of food and agriculture, water and nature, coasts and oceans, human settlements, and infrastructures.

10:30 A delegate takes photos of a portrait by Turkish artist Deniz Sagdic exhibited at a venue in the COP27 convention complex in Egypt's Red Sea resort city of Sharm El-Sheikh on November 10, 2022.

Sagdic uses upcycling and creates portraits of famous people using recycled materials, including jeans, fabric or buttons. 

Photo: AFP

10:00 The Saudi Arabia pavilion at the COP27 is set to host a session titled "Potential of Carbon Dioxide Removal: The Role of Carbon Capture & Sequestration, Direct Air Capture and Enhanced Mineralization in Achieving Climate Goal".

09:30 US President Joe Biden tweets as he heads to Sharm El-Sheikh to join global leaders at the COP27 today.

“We're living in a decisive decade – one in which we have an opportunity to prove ourselves and advance the global climate fight. Let this be a moment where we answer history’s call. Together,” he said.

Day 6, 11 November Decarbonization Day 

10:00-13:00 Mandated events and workshops 13th FSV Workshop

11:00-13:00 Mandated events and workshops GST Technical Dialogue - Closing Plenary

13:00-15:00 Lunch

13:00-15:00 Mandated events and workshops LCIPP Annual Youth Round Table Part II: Dialogue with Parties and other stakeholders

15:00-18:00 Mandated events and workshops 13th FSV Workshop

18:00-20:00 Mandated events and workshops 15th Nairobi Work Programme Focal Point Forum



COP27, Day 1: Loss and damage funding introduced as an agenda item (Click here).

COP27, Day 2: Sisi urges world leaders to move to concrete action on climate (Click here).

COP27, DAY 3: President launches the 'Sharm el-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda' (Click here).

COP27, Day 4: Climate finance in a polycrisis era (Click here).

COP27, Day 5: Science and Future Generations Day (Click here).

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