A Congolese military escort stands guard at the airport in Goma, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, as former Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta lands on November 15, 2022. AFP
Clashes were under way between the M23 and a Hutu militia in Bambo, 70 kilometers (45 miles) north of the provincial capital Goma, local sources told AFP by telephone.
"Heavy weapons fire can be heard, people are in a panic," a civil society representative said.
A security source confirmed the firing between the M23 and combatants from the Democratic Forces for the Liberation Rwanda (FDLR), a Hutu faction present in the DRC since the Tutsi genocide in 1994.
During the morning, fighting was also reported near Bwiza, close to the former stronghold of ex-Tutsi rebel leader Laurent Nkunda, who operated there in the noughties.
But the situation appeared more settled 20 kilometers north of Goma, where a frontline has formed over the last two weeks close to the town of Kibumba on national highway two.
DRC's President Felix Tshisekedi and Rwandan Foreign Minister Vincent Biruta attended a mini-summit in Angola on Wednesday, which concluded with a deal on the cessation of hostilities in eastern DRC from Friday evening.
M23 rebels were then to withdraw from "occupied zones".
But the rebels, a largely Congolese Tutsi militia, said Thursday the ceasefire "doesn't really concern us", and called for "direct dialogue" with DRC's government.
The March 23 group had been dormant for years but took up arms again late last year.
The DRC accuses Rwanda of supporting the rebels -- charges that Kigal denies.
The rebels have recently seized swaths of territory north of Goma, a city of one million which they briefly captured 10 years ago.
Kinshasa has refused to engage with the M23, which it calls a "terrorist movement", as long as it occupies territory in the DRC.
The M23 is among scores of armed groups that have turned eastern DRC into one of Africa's most violent regions.
Many are legacies of two wars before the turn of the century that sucked in countries from the region and left millions dead.