A climate clock displays how much time is left before the world uses up the carbon emissions that can still be produced while staying at or below the 1.5 degrees warming goal at a demonstration at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Friday, Nov. 18, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. AP
The EU's executive Commission has proposed creating a system for certifying so-called offsets - carbon absorbed through nature or with technological means - which could then be bought by polluters to reduce their emissions balance.
But some 170 groups including Friends of the Earth, Corporate Accountability, and the Center for International Environmental Law argue that plans to use fields, forests or machines for future large-scale removal of carbon from the atmosphere are a `` greenwashing fantasy.''
They have instead called for the Commission to commit to real, or gross, cuts in emissions, instead of net cuts that many countries and companies are currently touting in their climate plans. The 27-nation EU aims to achieve `net zero' emissions by 2050.
Scientists say emissions of planet-heating gases caused by human activity, such as burning fossil fuels, need to be halved by 2030 and end completely by mid-century to keep alive the Paris climate accord's goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit).
The European Commission didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.