In this photo military and civilian forces sign a political framework agreement in order to establish a new civilian-led transitional government at the Republican Palace on Monday, Dec. 5, 2022, in Khartoum, Sudan. Photo courtesy of SUNA
The transitional government will guide the country to elections, a path forward in the wake of Sudan's stalled transition to democracy following the October 2021 military takeover.
The deal, the first of at least two planned accords, was signed by Sudan's two ruling generals, Abdel-Fattah Burhan and Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, and the leaders from the country's largest pro-democracy group, Forces of Freedom and Change, at the Khartoum Republican Palace.
According to the draft, the deal envisions Sudan's military step back from politics. The agreement also stipulates that the "revolutionary forces" that signed the deal will decide upon a new prime minister to oversee a two-year transition, a 24-month period that begins after a premier is appointed.
However, leaders of the pro-democracy Resistance Committee who refused to negotiate with the ruling generals called for demonstrations against the agreement.
The deal is roughly based on a draft transitional constitution proposed Sudan's Bar Association in September. It does not address details concerning thornier political issues, such as a transitional judiciary system and the implementation of military reforms, which have been left for a follow-up accord.
Sudan has been plugged into turmoil since its leading military figure, Gen. Burhan, mounted the October 2021 military takeover that upended the country's former democratic transition after three decades of autocratic rule by Omar al-Bashir. The former leader was toppled in April 2019 following a popular uprising.
*This story was edited by Ahram Online