People gather in the aftermath of a gunfight at the scene of a raid by Israeli forces on an office where they said Palestinian militants were hiding in Jericho in the occupied West Bank on February 6, 2023. AFP
The raid, which the military said was meant to arrest suspects allegedly involved in a botched attack on Israelis, was likely to further exacerbate tensions in the region.
The Palestinian Health Ministry did not immediately confirm the deaths, saying only that three were injured, one of them critically.
The violence comes amid one of the deadliest periods in recent years in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and in the first weeks of Israel's new government, its most right-wing ever, which has promised to take a tough stance against the Palestinians.
The military claims it was operating to apprehend the suspects behind a failed shooting attack at a West Bank restaurant, where attackers allegedly were thwarted by a weapon malfunction.
The attackers then fled the scene, the military said, adding that two of the five killed were Hamas militants involved in the attempted attack on the restaurant. The three others were gunmen who had exchanged fire with troops during the raid.
The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the raid with the media.
The raid comes days after an earlier incursion in the Aqabat Jabr camp, which is near the Palestinian city of Jericho, a desert oasis in an area of the West Bank that rarely sees such unrest, where troops were also searching for the suspects.
Since the shooting last month at the nearby settlement, the Israeli military has blocked access to several roads into Jericho, a closure that has placed the city under a semi-blockade, disrupting business and creating hourslong bottlenecks at checkpoints that affected even Palestinian security forces, footage showed.
Monday's violence comes days after an Israeli military raid on the Jenin refugee camp killed 10 Palestinians, mostly militants but also a 61-year-old woman. The next day, a Palestinian shooting attack outside an east Jerusalem synagogue killed seven people, including a 14-year-old.
The Palestinian Authority, in retaliation for last week's raid into the Jenin refugee camp, declared a halt to security coordination with Israel.
Nearly 150 Palestinians were killed last year in the West Bank and east Jerusalem, making it the deadliest year in those areas since 2004, according to figures by the Israeli rights group B'Tselem. Some 30 people were killed in Israel by Palestinians in 2022.
The Israeli army says most of the Palestinians killed have been militants. But youths protesting the incursions and others not involved in confrontations have also been killed.
Israel captured the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem in the 1967 Mideast war. The Palestinians seek those territories for a future independent state.