This picture shows a view of the regional meeting in Amman on May 1, 2023 to discuss Syria s long-running conflict and ending Damascus s diplomatic isolation in the region. - The Syrian president has been politically isolated since the conflict in his country began in 2011. However, recent weeks have seen a flurry of diplomatic activity after Saudi Arabia and Iran, a close ally of Damascus, resumed diplomatic ties in March, shifting regional relations. AFP
The talks in Jordan's capital brought together foreign ministers from Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Egypt, in the latest regional engagement with the long isolated government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
"The voluntary and safe return of refugees to their country is a top priority, and the necessary steps must be taken immediately to implement it," the closing statement said.
According to the United Nations, about 5.5 million Syrian refugees who fled since the conflict began in 2011 are registered in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt.
The communique called for increased cooperation between Damascus, host countries and the United Nations to organise repatriation operations in a "clear time frame".
The ministers also agreed to "support Syria... in any legitimate efforts to extend its control over its territory, impose the rule of law, end the presence of armed and terrorist groups... and stop foreign interference in internal Syrian affairs".
The 12-year civil war in Syria has claimed more than half a million lives, and nearly half of its population are now refugees or internally displaced.
Although the Assad regime clawed back much ground lost earlier in the war, swathes of territory still remain outside government control.
Syria, backed during its war by Iran and Russia, was suspended from the Arab League in 2011 over Assad's brutal crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
But while Assad has been politically isolated since the conflict began, recent weeks have seen a flurry of diplomatic activity after Saudi Arabia and Iran resumed diplomatic ties in March, shifting regional relations.
Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi noted the talks in Amman followed a "consultative meeting" in Saudi Arabia last month.
That meeting saw nine Arab countries including Gulf states meet in Jeddah to discuss ending Syria's long spell in the diplomatic wilderness and its possible return to the 22-member Arab League.
Safadi said the Amman meeting "was good and positive", and focused "on humanitarian aspects and on potential steps to alleviate the suffering of the brotherly Syrian people".
"We focused on the refugee issue and agreed on mechanisms to start the voluntary return of refugees in coordination with the United Nations," he said.
"The current situation in Syria cannot continue, and previous approaches to managing the crisis have not and will not produce anything but more destruction."
The communique called on Damascus to "improve public services in the areas" refugees would return to and lay out measures that would ensure their safety, such as an amnesty.
Ahead of the talks, held at a hotel in Amman under tight security, Safadi met in private with his Syrian counterpart, Faisal Mekdad, and they discussed Arab involvement in reaching "a political solution to the Syrian crisis", the Jordanian foreign ministry said in a statement.
This was the first visit by a Syrian foreign minister to neighbouring Jordan since the war started.
Days after the meeting in Jeddah, Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan visited Damascus, also a first since 2011.
While some Arab nations have moved to re-establish ties with Damascus, the reintegration of Assad's government remains a divisive issue in the region.
Assad is hoping full normalisation of ties with wealthy Gulf monarchies and other Arab states will help to finance the reconstruction of the country's war-ravaged infrastructure.