Internally displaced Sudanese nap outdoors while residing in the Hasahisa secondary school on July 10, 2023, transformed to house people fleeing violence in the war-torn country. AFP
The fighting, which has gone on for three months, "risks morphing into an ethnicised, tribalised and ideologised conflict which is much closer to being a full-blown civil war," the official, Volker Perthes, told reporters in Brussels.
Already the multiple human rights violations carried out, including "murder, rape and looting," are fuelling a desire among ordinary Sudanese to see the back of the warring generals, he said.
"The interpretation of what I hear is that a majority of the Sudanese don't want these generals to continue in any way in the country," Perthes said.
While he was not directly calling for the International Criminal Court (ICC) to bring the generals to justice, he said: "The ICC of course is watching -- it's not up to me to ask the ICC to take action, but I think they are on it."
Fighting has raged in Sudan since mid-April, when army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and his former deputy Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, who commands the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF), turned on each other
Around 3,000 people have been killed, and the UN has warned of possible crimes against humanity in the western region of Darfur.
"It's almost three months into the war and still none of the two sides is able to score a decisive victory," Perthes said.
He said the situation was causing a "humanitarian catastrophe -- again" in Sudan, and putting pressure on neighbouring Chad, which was taking in many Sudanese refugees and whose food supply lines through Sudan were cut.
That building crisis, with the risk of migration flows, should concern Europe, he said.
Bids at diplomacy
Perthes said the UN backed "linked" diplomatic overtures by the east African regional bloc IGAD and an Egypt-hosted summit of Sudan's neighbours on Thursday.
"We also see a risk that neighbouring states are being dragged into the conflict," he said. "So there is a risk of this becoming a regional conflict, and a civil war inside the country."
Perthes said it was important that countries supplying one or the other side in the conflict stop doing so, to push Sudan's generals to a ceasefire.
"This war will not end with a week or two weeks, or shortly in any respect, so regional actors are still in a way trying to find out what leverage they have and in which form they can best apply this leverage."
Perthes, whom army chief Burhan on June 9 ordered out of Sudan as "persona non grata", said his deputy was running the UN mission's operations on the ground out of Port Sudan, while he was moving the main office to Kenya's capital Nairobi.