Saad Eddin Ibrahim (Photo: Al-Ahram)
Ibrahim was a professor of political sociology at the American University in Cairo. He was also the director of the Cairo-based non-governmental research organization Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies (ICDS) which he founded in 1988.
As a human rights advocate, Ibrahim co-founded the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) in 1985.
He also participated in founding the Cairo-based Arab Organization for Human Rights in 1983
Ibrahim was known for his strong criticism of late President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak.
During the last ten years of Mubarak’s term which ended early in 2011, Ibrahim was sued many times for charges including “defaming Egypt’s image” abroad, but he was consistently acquitted or saw charges against him dismissed.
Ibrahim taught sociology at several universities, including Indiana's DePauw University and the University of California.
He was born in 1938 in the village of Bedeen near Mansoura, Dakahlia Governorate.