UNSC ceasefire resolution in Gaza creates better climate for resolving the crisis: ECSS deputy director

Ahram Online , Monday 25 Mar 2024

Mohamed Ibrahim Eldawiry, Deputy Director of the Egyptian Center for Strategic Studies (ECSS), affirmed that the adoption of a United Nations Security Council resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire in the Gaza war during Ramadan creates a better environment for moving towards resolving the highly complex crisis.

Mohamed Ibrahim Eldawiry
File Photo: Major General Mohamed Ibrahim Eldawiry, Deputy Director-General of the Egyptian Center for Strategic Studies. Photo courtesy of ECSS.


In statements to the Middle East News Agency (MENA), Eldawiry stated that the UNSC resolution, which passed on Monday with 14 for and an abstention from the US, represents a positive and unprecedented step since the onset of the conflict.

"It must therefore be regarded as just one step in a long and difficult road that must be leveraged to end the current Israeli war on the Gaza Strip."

"The essence of the Security Council's statement did not invoke the use of the veto power, and the United States abstained from voting, marking the first time since the start of the war last October, despite having used the veto in several previous resolutions."

He highlighted that the call for a ceasefire in Gaza is limited to the month of Ramadan, which has less than two weeks remaining.

The resolution does not include the term "permanent" about the cessation of fighting, meaning that the ceasefire will be temporary, coupled with the demand for the immediate and unconditional release of all captives, implying that the ceasefire is also linked to the release of hostages held by Palestinian resistance factions.

Moreover, it emphasizes the need for all parties to respect this resolution, leading to a permanent and sustainable cessation of hostilities.

This implies that the Security Council considers the resolution as a temporary stage that could lead to a permanent ceasefire, in addition to calling for the delivery of all humanitarian aid to the strip and expanding the flow of aid to the entire strip.

Highlighting the resolution's commendation of diplomatic efforts exerted by Egypt, Qatar, and the United States to reach a ceasefire, release of captives, and increase the provision of humanitarian aid, Eldawiry stated that this resolution is part of the intensive effort exerted by Egypt and other parties to solve the Gaza crisis.

"It is clear that the US abstention primarily comes in the context of tension between US President Joe Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, which has negatively impacted the electoral position of the American president. Therefore, Washington, by abstaining from voting, sought to convey a clear message to the Israeli government of its dissatisfaction with its policies and its failure to respond to repeated American demands to calm the situation in the strip."

Eldawiry highlighted Prime Minister Netanyahu's insistence on expressing his objection to the resolution and publicly announcing his anger at the US position, through the decision not to send the Israeli security and political delegation that was scheduled to go to Washington to discuss the Israeli plan to invade the Palestinian city of Rafah.

He emphasized that this resolution has been welcomed by many parties, including Egypt, which noted that it represents an important and initial step despite the imbalance due to its limited timeframe and obligations and that Egypt continues its efforts.

Hamas also welcomed the decision, hoping that it would lead to a permanent ceasefire and the resolution of the entire problem.

Although the Security Council resolution does not constitute a dramatic change in the current situation as a whole - especially as it speaks of a ceasefire for only a few days - it places significant responsibility on the United States, which allowed the passage of this resolution, and, therefore, must complete its efforts and act in the coming days to reach a humanitarian ceasefire that allows for reaching a prisoner exchange deal as a preamble to the final solution to the Gaza crisis.

He stressed the necessity for other negotiating parties to also show flexibility to ensure the success of the negotiations that have been ongoing for a long time at the expense of the Palestinian residents of Gaza, who are suffering from the largest humanitarian crisis in modern history.

Eldawiry stressed that the various parties must take the necessary steps to end this tragedy.

He warned that the main obstacle to implementing this resolution will be the Israeli position, which is now clear in its intention not to comply with it, but rather to continue military operations in Gaza even after the Security Council has made its decision, threatening to enter the Palestinian city of Rafah.

Eldawiry concluded by saying that we are facing an opportunity that creates a better environment for moving towards resolving the highly complex crisis, which requires urgent action from all responsible parties and requires them to have a degree of objectivity and rationality to stop this current catastrophe in Gaza, which has harmed the stability and security of the entire region.

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