Egypt population growth rate declined by 46% from 2017 to 2023

Ahram Online , Thursday 28 Mar 2024

Population growth rate in Egypt declined by 46 percent from 2017 to 2023, Minister of Planning and Economic Development Hala El-Said stated on Thursday.

Egyptian mothers
File Photo: A family planning adviser speaks with Egyptian mothers at a new clinic in the province of Fayoum, southwest of Cairo, Egypt February 19, 2019. REUTERS


In 2023, the population growth rate in Egypt declined by 1.4 percent, the lowest in the last 50 years, compared to the 2.6 percent recorded in 2017, the minister added, citing a report issued by the National Project for Egyptian Family Development (NPEFD).

According to the report, the birth rate in Egypt reached two million in 2023, a decline of 15 percent compared to 2018 and 7 percent compared to 2022.

The NPEFD, launched in 2022, is a comprehensive development project for improving life quality by focusing on social, demographic, cultural, and health-related aspects, including women's economic empowerment and health issues.

As of 1 January, the population stood at 105.8 million, up from 104.4 million in 2022 and 102.8 million in 2021, according to the population clock of the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS).

The fertility rate in Egypt fell from 3.5 children per woman in 2014 to 2.85 in 2021 according to the results of the last family health survey.

The survey also showed an increase in the contraceptive prevalence rate to 66.4 percent in 2021, compared to 58.5 percent in 2014.  

The country’s population rose to 94.8 million in 2017, up from 91 million in 2016.

Approximately 12 million Egyptians live abroad, according to official estimates.

Egypt is currently the 14th most populous country worldwide and the third in Africa.

CAPMAS has previously projected that Egypt's population could reach 192 million by 2052 if current growth rates persist.

It added that intensified efforts to reduce fertility rates could potentially lower this projection to 143 million.

Government officials said that the state will need to double its spending on infrastructure projects and development over the coming 30 years to accommodate the expected growth.

The NPEFD is part of the country’s ongoing efforts to curb runaway population growth.

As the government spends over EGP 100 million annually to provide birth control for free or at lowered prices, it announced, under the NPDEF, providing an annual incentive of EGP 1,000 to married women with no more than two children.

In 2020, it launched the “Etnein Kefaya” (Two Are Enough) campaign, which offered financial assistance to those who succeed in family planning.

In September 2023, Egypt also launched the National Population and Development Strategy (2023-2030) to address the population issue.

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